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Investigationg variety in similarity queries

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Author(s):
Lúcio Fernandes Dutra Santos
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Ciências Matemáticas e de Computação (ICMC/SB)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Caetano Traina Junior; Renato Fileto; Rudinei Goularte
Advisor: Caetano Traina Junior
Abstract

The data being collected and generated nowadays increases not only in volume, but also in complexity, leading to the need of new query operators. Similarity queries are one of the most pursued resources to retrieve complex data. The most studied operators to perform similarity are the Range Query (\'R IND.q\') and the k-Nearest Neighbor Query (k-\'NN IND. q\'). Until recently, those queries were not available in the Database Management Systems. Now they are starting to become available, but since its earliest applications to develop real systems, it became clear that the basic similarity query operators are not enough to meet the requirements of the target applications. Therefore, new variations and extensions to the basic operators are being studied, although every work up to now is only pursuing the requirements of specific application domains. Furthermore, the following issues are directly impacting their acceptance by users and therefore its usability: (i) the basic operators are not expressive in real situations, (ii) the result-set cardinality tends to be large, imposing to the user the need to analyze to many elements, and (iii) the results do not always meet the users interest, resulting in the reformulation and adjustment of the queries. The goal of this dissertation is the development of a novel technique to enable a degree of variety the answers of k-nearest neighbor queries in metric spaces, investigating aspects of diversity in extensions of the basic operators using only the properties of metric spaces, never requesting extra information from the user. In this monograph, we present: the formalization of the variety model that allows to support diversity in similarity queries without requiring diversification parameters from the user; a greedy algorithm to obtain answers for similarity queries to the k-nearest neighbors with variety; an evaluation method to assess the diversification ratio existing on a subset of elements in metric space. The properties of those results allow using our proposed techniques to support variety in k-nearest neighbor queries in Database Management Systems (AU)