Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

On the sticky cobwebs of two theridiid spiders (Araneae: Theridiidae)

Full text
Author(s):
Gonzaga, Marcelo O. ; Leiner, Natália O. ; Santos, Adalberto J. [3]
Total Authors: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Natural History; v. 40, n. 5/6, p. 293-306, 2006.
Field of knowledge: Biological Sciences - Ecology
Abstract

In this study we describe and illustrate a new species, Chrysso intervales n. sp., based on males and females collected in Parque Estadual Intervales, an area of Atlantic Forest in the State of S o Paulo, Brazil. We present data on habitat selection, web architecture, thread adhesiveness, diet, and mortality due to fungi for both Chrysso intervales and the sympatric species, Helvibis longicauda. Both species build webs on vegetation close to river margins, but they were not found in forest sites away from these shaded and extremely humid corridors. The webs of both species are entirely composed of viscid silk lines, occupying the space between two or more large leaves. The construction of this web type by Helvibis and Chrysso, and the large amount of viscid droplets in their threads, indicate that the investment in adhesive components in theridiids may be dependent on the ambient conditions. We suggest that the costs of maintaining viscid silk lines in humid areas may be relatively low, explaining the habitat restriction observed in the species studied. By selecting humid habitats, however, these spiders are susceptible to attacks by fungi. The webs constructed by both species intercepted mostly Diptera, especially tipulids, but H. longicauda was also observed consuming a wide variety of prey types. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 03/04868-3 - Biodiversity of Salticidae (Arachnida, Araneae) of the Atlantic Rainforest: local diversity, similarity between areas and patterns of distribution
Grantee:Adalberto José dos Santos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate