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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Integration of methods in cheminformatics and biocalorimetry for the design of trypanosomatid enzyme inhibitors

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Author(s):
Prokopczyk, Igor M. [1] ; Ribeiro, Jean F. R. [1] ; Sartori, Geraldo R. [1] ; Sesti-Costa, Renata [2] ; Silva, Joao S. [2] ; Freitas, Renato F. [1] ; Leitao, Andrei [1] ; Montanari, Carlos A. [1]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, Grp Quim Med, BR-13566590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Bioquim & Imunol, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Future Medicinal Chemistry; v. 6, n. 1, p. 17-33, JAN 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 6
Abstract

Background: The enzyme GAPDH, which acts in the glycolytic pathway, is seen as a potential target for pharmaceutical intervention of Chagas disease. Results: Herein, we report the discovery of new Trypanosoma cruzi GAPDH (TcGAPDH) inhibitors from target- and ligand-based virtual screening protocols using isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and molecular dynamics. Molecular dynamics simulations were used to gain insight on the binding poses of newly identified inhibitors acting at the TcGAPDH substrate (G3P) site. Conclusion: Nequimed125, the most potent inhibitor to act upon TcGAPDH so far, which sits on the G3P site without any contact with the co-factor (NAD(+)) site, underpins the result obtained by ITC that it is a G3P-competitive inhibitor. Molecular dynamics simulation provides biding poses of TcGAPDH inhibitors that correlate with mechanisms of inhibition observed by ITC. Overall, a new class of dihydroindole compounds that act upon TcGAPDH through a competitive mechanism of inhibition as proven by ITC measurements also kills T. cruzi. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/01893-3 - Optimizing trypanosomatid agents by integration of in silico, calorimetry and cell-based assays
Grantee:Carlos Alberto Montanari
Support type: Regular Research Grants