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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Systematic Theoretical Study of Non-nuclear Electron Density Maxima in Some Diatomic Molecules

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Terrabuio, Luiz A. [1] ; Teodoro, Tiago Q. [1] ; Rachid, Marina G. [1] ; Haiduke, Roberto L. A. [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, Dept Quim & Fis Mol, BR-13560970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Physical Chemistry A; v. 117, n. 40, p. 10489-10496, OCT 10 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 8

First, exploratory calculations were performed to investigate the presence of non-nuclear maxima (NNMs) in ground-state electron densities of homonuclear diatomic molecules from hydrogen up to calcium at their equilibrium geometries. In a second stage, only for the cases in which these features were previously detected, a rigorous analysis was carried out by several combinations of theoretical methods and basis sets in order to ensure that they are not only calculation artifacts. Our best results support that Li-2, B-2, C-2, and P-2 are molecules that possess true NNMs. A NNM was found in values obtained from the largest basis sets for Na-2, but it disappeared at the experimental geometry because optimized bond lengths are significantly inaccurate for this case (deviations of 0.10 angstrom). Two of these maxima are also observed in Si-2 with CCSD and large basis sets, but they are no longer detected as core-valence correlation or multiconfigurational wave functions are taken into account. Therefore, the NNMs in Si-2 can be considered unphysical features due to an incomplete treatment of electron correlation. Finally, we show that a NNM is encountered in LiNa, representing the first discovery of such electron density maxima in a heteronuclear diatomic system at its equilibrium geometry, to our knowledge. Some results for LiNa, found in variations in internuclear distances, suggest that molecular electric moments, such as dipole and quadrupole, are sensitive to the presence of NNMs. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/22143-5 - Development of polarized relativistic Gaussian-type basis sets and relativistic applications
Grantee:Tiago Quevedo Teodoro
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 10/18743-1 - Employment of multipoles from the quantum theory of atoms in molecules and kinetic studies in systems found in the interstellar medium
Grantee:Roberto Luiz Andrade Haiduke
Support type: Regular Research Grants