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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Identification of putative TAL effector targets of the citrus canker pathogens shows functional convergence underlying disease development and defense response

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Author(s):
Pereira, Andre L. A. [1] ; Carazzolle, Marcelo F. [2] ; Abe, Valeria Y. [3] ; de Oliveira, Maria L. P. [4] ; Domingues, Mariane N. [5] ; Silva, Jaqueline C. [6] ; Cernadas, Raul A. [7] ; Benedetti, Celso E. [8]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Ctr Nacl Pesquisa Energia & Mat. Lab Nacl Biociencias
[2] Ctr Nacl Pesquisa Energia & Mat. Lab Nacl Biociencias
[3] Ctr Nacl Pesquisa Energia & Mat. Lab Nacl Biociencias
[4] Ctr Nacl Pesquisa Energia & Mat. Lab Nacl Biociencias
[5] Ctr Nacl Pesquisa Energia & Mat. Lab Nacl Biociencias
[6] Ctr Nacl Pesquisa Energia & Mat. Lab Nacl Biociencias
[7] Ctr Nacl Pesquisa Energia & Mat. Lab Nacl Biociencias
[8] Ctr Nacl Pesquisa Energia & Mat. Lab Nacl Biociencias
Total Affiliations: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: BMC Genomics; v. 15, FEB 25 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 22
Abstract

Background: Transcriptional activator-like ( TAL) effectors, formerly known as the AvrBs3/PthA protein family, are DNA-binding effectors broadly found in Xanthomonas spp. that transactivate host genes upon injection via the bacterial type three-secretion system. Biologically relevant targets of TAL effectors, i.e. host genes whose induction is vital to establish a compatible interaction, have been reported for xanthomonads that colonize rice and pepper; however, citrus genes modulated by the TAL effectors PthA{''}s{''} and PthC{''}s{''} of the citrus canker bacteria Xanthomonas citri (Xc) and Xanthomonas aurantifolii pathotype C (XaC), respectively, are poorly characterized. Of particular interest, XaC causes canker disease in its host lemon (Citrus aurantifolia), but triggers a defense response in sweet orange. Results: Based on, 1) the TAL effector-DNA binding code, 2) gene expression data of Xc and XaC-infiltrated sweet orange leaves, and 3) citrus hypocotyls transformed with PthA2, PthA4 or PthC1, we have identified a collection of Citrus sinensis genes potentially targeted by Xc and XaC TAL effectors. Our results suggest that similar with other strains of Xanthomonas TAL effectors, PthA2 and PthA4, and PthC1 to some extent, functionally converge. In particular, towards induction of genes involved in the auxin and gibberellin synthesis and response, cell division, and defense response. We also present evidence indicating that the TAL effectors act as transcriptional repressors and that the best scoring predicted DNA targets of PthA{''}s{''} and PthC{''}s{''} in citrus promoters predominantly overlap with or localize near to TATA boxes of core promoters, supporting the idea that TAL effectors interact with the host basal transcriptional machinery to recruit the RNA pol II and start transcription. Conclusions: The identification of PthA{''}s{''} and PthC{''}s{''} targets, such as the LOB (LATERAL ORGAN BOUNDARY) and CCNBS genes that we report here, is key for the understanding of the canker symptoms development during host susceptibility, or the defenses of sweet orange against the canker bacteria. We have narrowed down candidate targets to a few, which pointed out the host metabolic pathways explored by the pathogens. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/00634-1 - Plant-pathogen interaction studies on the Xanthomonas citri - Citrus sinensis pathosystem
Grantee:Celso Eduardo Benedetti
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/20468-1 - Molecular mechanisms involved in pathogen adaptation and virulence, host resistance and symptom development in citrus-bacteria interactions
Grantee:Celso Eduardo Benedetti
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants