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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Spironolactone treatment attenuates vascular dysfunction in type 2 diabetic mice by decreasing oxidative stress and restoring NO/GC signaling

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Silva, Marcondes A. B. [1] ; Bruder-Nascimento, Thiago [1] ; Cau, Stefany B. A. [1] ; Lopes, Rheure A. M. [1] ; Mestriner, Fabiola L. A. C. [1] ; Fais, Rafael S. [1] ; Touyz, Rhian M. [2] ; Tostes, Rita C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Pharmacol, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Glasgow, BHF Glasgow Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Inst Cardiovasc & Med Sci, Glasgow, Lanark - Scotland
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY; v. 6, OCT 5 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 10
Resumo

Type 2 diabetes (DM2) increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Aldosterone, which has pro oxidative and pro inflammatory effects in the cardiovascular system, is positively regulated in DM2. We assessed whether blockade of mineralocorticoid receptors (MR) with spironolactone decreases reactive oxygen species (ROS)-associated vascular dysfunction and improves vascular nitric oxide (NO) signaling in diabetes. Leptin receptor knockout {[}LepR(db)/LepR(db) (db/db)] mice, a model of DM2, and their counterpart controls {[}LepR(db)/Lep(R+)(db/+) mice] received spironolactone (50 mg/kg body weight/day) or vehicle (ethanol 1%) via oral per gavage for 6 weeks. Spironolactone treatment abolished endothelial dysfunction and increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) phosphorylation (Ser(1177)) in arteries from db/db mice, determined by acetylcholine-induced relaxation and Western Blot analysis, respectively. MR antagonist therapy also abrogated augmented ROS-generation in aorta from diabetic mice, determined by lucigenin luminescence assay. Spironolactone treatment increased superoxide dismutase-1 and catalase expression, improved sodium nitroprusside and BAY 41-2272-induced relaxation, and increased soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) beta, subunit expression in arteries from db/db mice. Our results demonstrate that spironolactone decreases diabetes associated vascular oxidative stress and prevents vascular dysfunction through processes involving increased expression of antioxidant enzymes and sGC. These findings further elucidate redox-sensitive mechanisms whereby spironolactone protects against vascular injury in diabetes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/08216-2 - CPDI - Centro de Pesquisa em Doenças Inflamatórias
Beneficiário:Fernando de Queiroz Cunha
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 10/52214-6 - Contribuição do estresse oxidativo e enzimas NADPH oxidases (NOXes) para as lesões vasculares e renais associadas ao diabetes
Beneficiário:Rita de Cassia Aleixo Tostes Passaglia
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular