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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Genome-wide association study for intramuscular fat deposition and composition in Nellore cattle

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Autor(es):
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Cesar, Aline S. M. [1] ; Regitano, Luciana C. A. [2] ; Mourao, Gerson B. [1] ; Tullio, Rymer R. [2] ; Lanna, Dante P. D. [1] ; Nassu, Renata T. [2] ; Mudado, Mauricio A. [2] ; Oliveira, Priscila S. N. [3] ; do Nascimento, Michele L. [1] ; Chaves, Amalia S. [1] ; Alencar, Mauricio M. [2] ; Sonstegard, Tad S. [4] ; Garrick, Dorian J. [5] ; Reecy, James M. [5] ; Coutinho, Luiz L. [1]
Número total de Autores: 15
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Anim Sci, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Embrapa Southeast Cattle Res Ctr, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Genet & Evolut, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] ARS, USDA, Bovine Funct Genom Lab, Beltsville, MD 20705 - USA
[5] Iowa State Univ, Dept Anim Sci, Ames, IA 50011 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BMC GENETICS; v. 15, MAR 25 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 42
Resumo

Background: Meat from Bos taurus and Bos indicus breeds are an important source of nutrients for humans and intramuscular fat (IMF) influences its flavor, nutritional value and impacts human health. Human consumption of fat that contains high levels of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) can reduce the concentration of undesirable cholesterol (LDL) in circulating blood. Different feeding practices and genetic variation within and between breeds influences the amount of IMF and fatty acid (FA) composition in meat. However, it is difficult and costly to determine fatty acid composition, which has precluded beef cattle breeding programs from selecting for a healthier fatty acid profile. In this study, we employed a high-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chip to genotype 386 Nellore steers, a Bos indicus breed and, a Bayesian approach to identify genomic regions and putative candidate genes that could be involved with deposition and composition of IMF. Results: Twenty-three genomic regions (1-Mb SNP windows) associated with IMF deposition and FA composition that each explain >= 1% of the genetic variance were identified on chromosomes 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 17, 26 and 27. Many of these regions were not previously detected in other breeds. The genes present in these regions were identified and some can help explain the genetic basis of deposition and composition of fat in cattle. Conclusions: The genomic regions and genes identified contribute to a better understanding of the genetic control of fatty acid deposition and can lead to DNA-based selection strategies to improve meat quality for human consumption. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/02383-1 - Identificação e caracterização de genes associados à deposição e composição da gordura intramuscular em bovinos da raça Nelore
Beneficiário:Aline Silva Mello Cesar
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/00005-7 - Identificação de genes associados à deposição e composição da gordura intramuscular em bovinos da raça Nelore
Beneficiário:Aline Silva Mello Cesar
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado