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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Loss of DUSP3 activity radiosensitizes human tumor cell lines via attenuation of DNA repair pathways

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Torres, Thompson E. P. ; Russo, Lilian C. ; Santos, Alexsandro ; Marques, Gabriela R. ; Magalhaes, Yuli T. ; Tabassum, Sartaj ; Forti, Fabio L.
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-GENERAL SUBJECTS; v. 1861, n. 7, p. 1879-1894, JUL 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

Background: Radiotherapy causes the regression of many human tumors by increasing DNA damage, and the novel molecular mechanisms underlying the genomic instability leading to cancer progression and metastasis must be elucidated. Atypical dual-specificity phosphatase 3 (DUSP3) has been shown to down-regulate mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) to control the proliferation and apoptosis of human cancer cells. We have recently identified novel molecular targets of DUSP3 that function in DNA damage response and repair; however, whether DUSP3 affects these processes remains unknown. Methods: Tumor cell lines in which DUSP3 activity was suppressed by pharmacological inhibitors or a targeted siRNA were exposed to gamma radiation, and proliferation, survival, DNA strand breaks and recombination repair pathways were sequentially analyzed. Results: The combination of reduced DUSP3 activity and gamma irradiation resulted in decreased cellular proliferation and survival and increased cellular senescence compared with the effects of radiation exposure alone. Gamma radiation-induced DNA damage was increased by the loss of DUSP3 activity and correlated with increased levels of phospho-H2AX protein and numbers of ionizing radiation-induced gamma-H2AX foci, which were reflected in diminished efficiencies of homologous recombination (HR) and non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) repair. Similar results were obtained in ATM-deficient cells, in which reduced DUSP3 activity increased radiosensitivity, independent of increased MAPK phosphorylation. Conclusion: The loss of DUSP3 activity markedly increases gamma radiation-induced DNA strand breaks, suggesting a potential novel role for DUSP3 in DNA repair. General significance: The radioresistance of tumor cells is effectively reduced by a combination of approaches through the inhibition of DUSPs. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/05822-3 - Investigação da tirosina fosfatase VHR (DUSP3) na resposta a danos do DNA induzidas por radiação ultravioleta em células de melanoma humano
Beneficiário:Alexsandro dos Santos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 13/07101-7 - Investigação dos efeitos da radiação ionizante na expressão e atividade de dusp3/vhr e na proliferação das linhagens celulares humanas hela e mewo.
Beneficiário:Gabriela Rodrigues da Silva Marques
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 15/03983-0 - Investigação molecular e funcional da interação de DUSP3 com proteínas nucleares: implicações em mecanismos de reparo de DNA
Beneficiário:Fábio Luis Forti
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 08/58264-5 - Papel de GTPases da família Rho e de tirosina fosfatases duais no reparo de danos no DNA
Beneficiário:Fábio Luis Forti
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores