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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Impact of in vitro digestion phases on the stability and bioaccessibility of carotenoids and their esters in mandarin pulps

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Autor(es):
Petry, Fabiane Cristina [1] ; Mercadante, Adriana Zerlotti [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Fac Food Engn, Dept Food Sci, Rua Monteiro Lobato 80, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FOOD & FUNCTION; v. 8, n. 11, p. 3951-3963, NOV 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

The composition of carotenoids (carotenes and free and acylated xanthophylls) and their bioaccessibilities were determined for the first time in pulps of mandarins cultivated in Brazil. Two cultivars of mandarin, Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. `Ponkan' and Citrus reticulata x C. sinensis cv. `Murcott', showed higher contents of most carotenoids compared to those found in C. deliciosa Tenore cv. `Rio'. The major carotenoids in mandarin cv. `Ponkan' and `Murcott' were (all-E)-beta-cryptoxanthin laurate (19-21%), (all-E)-beta-cryptoxanthin myristate (15-17%) and (Z)-zeta-carotene (7-12%), followed by (all-E)-beta-cryptoxanthin palmitate (4-7%), free (all-E)-beta-cryptoxanthin (5-6%) and (all-E)-beta-carotene (4-5%), while in mandarin cv. `Rio' (all-E)-beta-cryptoxanthin myristate (22%) was the major compound, followed by (all-E)-beta-cryptoxanthin laurate (16%), (all-E)-beta-cryptoxanthin palmitate (11%), (all-E)-beta-cryptoxanthin (9%) and (all-E)-beta-carotene (6%). After in vitro digestion, the qualitative carotenoid profile of the supernatant containing the micellarized carotenoids was similar to that of fresh fruits, but the contents were significantly lower. Carotenoid and mandarin physico-chemical properties influenced the bioaccessibility of carotenoids. Free (all-E)-beta-cryptoxanthin showed the highest bioaccessibility in all mandarin cultivars (33-42%), while the bioaccessibilities of beta-carotene (16-36%) and the major carotenoid esters (18-33%) were lower. The overall recovery of carotenoids during in vitro digestion was around 98% after the oral phase, 79% after oral + gastric phases and 77% after oral + gastric + duodenal phases, with free (all-E)-beta-cryptoxanthin and (all-E)-beta-carotene being the most stable ones. Besides possible E-Z isomerization and ester hydrolysis, evident losses occurred in total carotenoid contents and also in the most individual carotenoids and they were not compensated for by the former reactions. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/09804-5 - Carotenóides e ésteres de carotenóides em diferentes cultivares de Citrus: composição, bioacessibilidade e mudanças durante o amadurecimento
Beneficiário:Fabiane Cristina Petry
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/07914-8 - FoRC - Centro de Pesquisa em Alimentos
Beneficiário:Bernadette Dora Gombossy de Melo Franco
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs