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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Aroma and soluble solid contents of the uvaia-a native Atlantic rainforest fruit-are negatively affected by early harvest

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Autor(es):
Freitas, Thais Padua [1] ; Spricigo, Poliana Cristina [1] ; Purgatto, Eduardo [2] ; Jacomino, Angelo Pedro [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr ESALQ, Crop Sci Dept, Av Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Food Sci Dept, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF FOOD BIOCHEMISTRY; v. 43, n. 7 JUL 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The uvaia (Eugenia pyriformis Cambess) is a native Atlantic Rainforest Myrtaceae that produces acidic yellow-orange fruit with a peculiar aroma. Its postharvest conservation poses a challenge, due to high perishability. This study investigated the postharvest quality of uvaia fruit during three ripening stages stored at 22oC. The quality attributes were evaluated: skin color, soluble solids, titratable acidity, flavonoids, carotenoids, phenolic compounds, antioxidant capacity, and volatile compounds at the beginning and end of the fruit's shelf life. Respiration (CO2) and C2H4 production were determined daily. No relationship between ripening stage and respiration was observed, but C2H4 production increased with ripening stage. Green fruit reached the same skin color, titratable acidity, flavonoids, carotenoids phenolic compounds, and antioxidant activity of mature fruit, also displaying increased shelf life. Green fruit also presented lower soluble solids. The volatile compounds that give green fruit characteristic aroma were persistent. Practical applications Aroma and soluble solids content are important factors in determining the fruit quality. This work identified how these factors are affected by early uvaia fruit harvesting. Such information assists in determining the uvaia ideal harvesting point, providing better sensory quality, and increasing the fruit acceptance. Early harvesting at different ripening stages, in addition to prolonging the shelf life of the harvested fruit, is also a tool for understanding physiological processes. This study disseminates unpublished knowledge about uvaia, arousing interest in this native fruit and facilitating its commercialization. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/12606-3 - Frutas da Mata Atlântica potencialmente funcionais: caracterização, multiplicação de plantas e conservação pós-colheita
Beneficiário:Angelo Pedro Jacomino
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático