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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Responding by exclusion in temporal discrimination tasks

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Autor(es):
Cippola, Nathalia Sabaine [1] ; Domeniconi, Camila [1] ; Machado, Armando [2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Minho, P-4719 Braga - Portugal
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR; v. 101, n. 2, p. 215-229, MAR 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Responding by exclusion, one of the most robust phenomena in Experimental Psychology, describes a particular form of responding observed in symbolic, matching-to-sample tasks. Given two comparison stimuli, one experimentally defined and one experimentally undefined, the participant prefers the undefined comparison following an undefined sample. The goal of the present study was to determine whether responding by exclusion could be obtained using samples that varied along a single dimension. Using a double temporal bisection task, 10 university students learned to choose visual comparisons (colored circles) based on the duration of a tone. In tests of exclusion, sample stimuli with new durations were followed by comparison sets that included one previously trained, defined comparison (colored circle) and one previously untrained, undefined comparison (geometric shape). Participants preferred the defined comparisons following the defined samples and the undefined comparisons following the undefined samples, the choice pattern typical of responding by exclusion. The use of samples varying along a single dimension allows us to study the interaction between stimulus generalization gradients and exclusion in the control of conditional responding. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/18479-5 - Exclusão em treinos de discriminação condicional utilizando estímulos temporais: investigações com pombos, cães e humanos
Beneficiário:Camila Domeniconi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa
Processo FAPESP: 08/57705-8 - Instituto de Estudos sobre Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino
Beneficiário:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático