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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Responding by exclusion in temporal discrimination tasks

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Author(s):
Cippola, Nathalia Sabaine [1] ; Domeniconi, Camila [1] ; Machado, Armando [2]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Minho, P-4719 Braga - Portugal
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR; v. 101, n. 2, p. 215-229, MAR 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

Responding by exclusion, one of the most robust phenomena in Experimental Psychology, describes a particular form of responding observed in symbolic, matching-to-sample tasks. Given two comparison stimuli, one experimentally defined and one experimentally undefined, the participant prefers the undefined comparison following an undefined sample. The goal of the present study was to determine whether responding by exclusion could be obtained using samples that varied along a single dimension. Using a double temporal bisection task, 10 university students learned to choose visual comparisons (colored circles) based on the duration of a tone. In tests of exclusion, sample stimuli with new durations were followed by comparison sets that included one previously trained, defined comparison (colored circle) and one previously untrained, undefined comparison (geometric shape). Participants preferred the defined comparisons following the defined samples and the undefined comparisons following the undefined samples, the choice pattern typical of responding by exclusion. The use of samples varying along a single dimension allows us to study the interaction between stimulus generalization gradients and exclusion in the control of conditional responding. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57705-8 - Institute for the Study of Behavior, Cognition and Teaching
Grantee:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/18479-5 - Exclusion in conditional discrimination training using temporal stimuli: investigations with pigeons, dogs and humans
Grantee:Camila Domeniconi
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research