Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand

Life cycle assessment of biomass pellets production for the strenghtening of the bioeconomy and the SICV Brasil database

Grant number: 19/16996-4
Support type:Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Regular Program Grants
Duration: February 01, 2020 - January 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Forestry Resources and Forestry Engineering - Forest Biomass Energy
Principal Investigator:Diogo Aparecido Lopes Silva
Grantee:Diogo Aparecido Lopes Silva
Home Institution: Centro de Ciências em Gestão e Tecnologia (CCGT). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). Campus de Sorocaba. Sorocaba , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:FÁBIO MINORU YAMAJI ; Fausto Miguel Cereja Seixas Freire ; Luciano Donizeti Varanda ; Thiago Oliveira Rodrigues

Abstract

Promoting sustainable production is one of the main challenges of the Agenda 2030 proposed by the United Nations for Environment. For this, the development of Bioeconomics has been shown to be important from the perspective of studies involving the Life Cycle Management of products. In this sense, the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) stands out, which deals with a holistic technique for evaluating the environmental performance of products and services from a product life cycle perspective. Thus, there have been several applications of LCA for the evaluation of bioproducts, however, the literature on biomass pellets is scarce. Pellets are solid biofuels produced from mainly agricultural and wood residues, which have a huge potential market in Brazil and the world, and it can also contribute to the mitigation of impacts from greenhouse gases emissions. Thus, the overall objective of this project will be to research and develop inventories of the production of biomass pellets in Brazil and the adaptation of these inventories against the quality criteria set forth in the guide Qualidata of SICV Brazil. The SICV Brazil is the national database developed to promote studies of LCA in the country. In order to obtain the research objective, the following activities will be carried out: 1) developing partnerships with pellet manufacturers in Brazil; 2) model the pellets life cycle and generate inventories of pellets production in the country; 3) adapt the inventories against the Qualidata requirements to be eligible for publication in the SICV Brazil; and 4) to perform scenarios analysis via comparative LCA to analyze environmental hotspots and to suggest opportunities for environmental improvement for the life cycle of the pellets produced in Brazil. For the development of these inventories, case studies will be carried out in different national pellets industries. The inventories generated will serve as an unprecedented result, since the SICV Brazil lacks inventories on pellets. Therefore, the results of the study may point to actions and perspectives that may contribute to the strengthening of the SICV Brazil database, and consequently, to the strengthening of LCA and Bioeconomy in the country. (AU)