Advanced search
Start date

Brazilian Canids in an anthropized world: niche partitioning based on finite element analysis

Grant number: 20/12786-2
Support Opportunities:Regular Research Grants
Duration: February 01, 2021 - January 31, 2023
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology - Morphology of Recent Groups
Principal Investigator:Felipe Chinaglia Montefeltro
Grantee:Felipe Chinaglia Montefeltro
Host Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia (FEIS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Ilha Solteira. Ilha Solteira , SP, Brazil
Associated researchers: Fernanda Cavalcanti de Azevedo ; Frederico Gemesio Lemos ; Mariela Cordeiro de Castro


The Brazilian canids show various feeding habits that include insectivory, omnivory, and hypercarnivory, and some species have overlapped distributions. For those reasons, the group is an exquisite model for studies that seek to understand how different diets relate to morphofunctional specializations, how sympatric species explore and possibly partition environmental resources, or how key biological parameters relate to the extinction risk in a progressively anthropized world. Yet, no quantitative approach has been used so far to address those questions. This project aims to employ finite element analysis (FEA) to compare the craniomandibular and dental biomechanical performances of the six Brazilian species of canids. This technique, initially applied to engineering, is progressively being used in biological studies of many scopes due to the ability to simulate the reactions of biological materials in silico, under intrinsic and extrinsic scenarios, in a tridimensional environment. In the current context of biodiversity loss, our project fills a gap in the knowledge of a clade that encompasses three of the least studied, and threatened of extinction, canids of the world. In this sense, besides concatenating the complementary expertise of the proponents, this project combines basic science and cutting-edge technology, providing new tools for conservation actions on Brazilian canids. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
Articles published in other media outlets (0 total):
More itemsLess items

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BARBOSA, GABRIEL GONZALEZ; LANGER, MAX CARDOSO; MARTINS, NEURIDES DE OLIVEIRA; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE CHINAGLIA. Assessing the palaeobiology of Vespersaurus paranaensis (Theropoda, Noasauridae), Cretaceous, Bauru Basin e Brazil, using Finite Element Analysis. CRETACEOUS RESEARCH, v. 150, p. 8-pg., . (20/12786-2)
RUIZ, JUAN V. V.; FERREIRA, GABRIEL S. S.; LAUTENSCHLAGER, STEPHAN; DE CASTRO, MARIELA C. C.; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE C. C.. Different, but the same: Inferring the hunting behaviour of the hypercarnivorous bush dog (Speothos venaticus) through finite element analysis. Journal of Anatomy, v. N/A, p. 15-pg., . (20/12786-2)

Please report errors in scientific publications list using this form.