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Environmental impact of the expansion of agriculture in the south-east of Amazonia

Grant number: 05/59012-1
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: November 01, 2006 - March 31, 2012
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy
Principal Investigator:Carlos Clemente Cerri
Grantee:Carlos Clemente Cerri
Home Institution: Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Brigitte Josefine Feigl
Associated scholarship(s):08/07823-4 - Greenhouse gas emissions from livestock: a case study in the Amazon Region, BP.MS
07/06126-5 - Effects of soil land use on soil microbial activity and catabolic diversity, BP.MS
08/01425-7 - Stocks of carbon in the soil and greenhouse effect gases flows in integrating farming-cattle breeding systems in the southwest from Amazonia, BP.IC
07/07570-6 - Microbial soil structure in different land uses on agricultural expansion border in southeast Amazon and its relations with greenhouse gases emission, BP.DR

Abstract

The current global warming is caused, above all, by the increase in greenhouse gases (GEE) in the atmosphere, coming from the burning of fossil fuels, agriculture and changes in land use. Brazil is considered to be one of the largest emitters due to the last two sources. The south east region of Amazonia, today the largest agricultural frontier in the world, probably contributes significantly to this increase. The present proposal aims to evaluate the environmental impact caused by the use and change of land use in the state of Rondônia and Mato Grosso due to the emissions of GEE C02, CH4 and N20 in the last 30 years and forecast, through modeling, the future impact. Complementary to this, the degradation of the soil will be evaluated and the socio-economic implications due to the expansion of farming in the region which, together with the previous objectives, constitute indispensable elements for the formulation of public policy plans which seek to mitigate global warming without losing sight of food production and sustainable development in the region. (AU)

Scientific publications (7)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
LAMMEL, DANIEL RENATO; BUTTERBACH-BAHL, KLAUS; CERRI, CARLOS EDUARDO P.; LOUIS, SANDRINE; SCHNITZLER, JOERG-PETER; FEIGL, BRIGITTE JOSEFINE; CERRI, CARLOS CLEMENTE. C and N stocks are not impacted by land use change from Brazilian Savanna (Cerrado) to agriculture despite changes in soil fertility and microbial abundances. JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION AND SOIL SCIENCE, v. 180, n. 4, p. 436-445, AUG 2017. Web of Science Citations: 1.
LAMMEL, DANIEL R.; FEIGL, BRIGITTE J.; CERRI, CARLOS C.; NUESSLEIN, KLAUS. Specific microbial gene abundances and soil parameters contribute to C, N, and greenhouse gas process rates after land use change in Southern Amazonian Soils. FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY, v. 6, OCT 6 2015. Web of Science Citations: 25.
LAMMEL, DANIEL RENATO; NUESSLEIN, KLAUS; TSAI, SIU MUI; CERRI, CARLOS CLEMENTE. Land use, soil and litter chemistry drive bacterial community structures in samples of the rainforest and Cerrado (Brazilian Savannah) biomes in Southern Amazonia. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL BIOLOGY, v. 66, p. 32-39, JAN-FEB 2015. Web of Science Citations: 19.
VOLKOFF, BORIS; DE CASTRO MELLO, FRANCISCO FUJITA; FERREIRA MAIA, STOECIO MALTA; PELLEGRINO CERRI, CARLOS EDUARDO. Landscape and soil regionalization in southern Brazilian Amazon and contiguous areas: methodology and relevance for ecological studies. Scientia Agricola, v. 69, n. 3, p. 217-225, 2012. Web of Science Citations: 3.
MAIA, STOECIO M. F.; OGLE, STEPHEN M.; CERRI, CARLOS E. P.; CERRI, CARLOS C. Soil organic carbon stock change due to land use activity along the agricultural frontier of the southwestern Amazon, Brazil, between 1970 and 2002. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, v. 16, n. 10, p. 2775-2788, OCT 2010. Web of Science Citations: 29.
MAIA, STOECIO M. F.; OGLE, STEPHEN M.; CERRI, CARLOS C.; CERRI, CARLOS E. P. Changes in soil organic carbon storage under different agricultural management systems in the Southwest Amazon Region of Brazil. SOIL & TILLAGE RESEARCH, v. 106, n. 2, p. 177-184, 2010. Web of Science Citations: 68.
MAIA, STOECIO M. F.; OGLE, STEPHEN M.; CERRI, CARLOS E. P.; CERRI, CARLOS C. Effect of grassland management on soil carbon sequestration in Rondonia and Mato Grosso states, Brazil. Geoderma, v. 149, n. 1-2, p. 84-91, FEB 15 2009. Web of Science Citations: 95.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.