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Tractability study of sanitary landfill leachates: emphasis on combined treatment with sanitary sewage in aerobic systems

Grant number: 10/51955-2
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: January 01, 2011 - December 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Sanitary Engineering
Principal Investigator:Jurandyr Povinelli
Grantee:Jurandyr Povinelli
Home Institution: Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos (EESC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Sanitary landfill leachates are dark coloured and pollutant wastewaters, due to the presence of: biodegradable and refractory organic matter (as humic substances), total dissolved solids (TDS), heavy metals and high ammonia concentration [1]. This research is focused on leachates treatment, in order to meet the discharge standards of CONAMA Resolution 397/08. Thus, the following physico-chemical pretreatments will be evaluated: air stripping (with chemical precipitation), for ammonia removal; advanced oxidative processes, for color and refractory matter removal, verifying the influence of TDS (as chloride); filtering membranes and electrolytic process, for TDS removal. The leachates (raw and pretreated by chemical precipitation) tractability will be evaluated in: activated sludge in bench (batch regime) and pilot scales (continuous flow regime), and in a pilot scale submerged aerated biofilter. If this tractability is confirmed, combined units will be evaluated, as for example: activated sludge or submerged aerated biofilter and physico-chemical processes. At last, more emphasis will be given to the leachates (raw and pretreated by air stripping) combined treatment in aerobic systems (actived sludge and submerged aerated biofilter) with sanitary sewage (raw and pretreated by anaerobic reactors). This project also aims to verify if there is or not leachates dilution, instead of its real treatment with sanitary sludge. It will be also evaluated if there is ;; accumulation of heavy metals in aerobic sludge, in order to verify if this sludge could be used in agriculture, according to specifications of CONAMA Resolution 380/06. These experiments will be guided by physico-chemical analysis and microbiological exams, for identification of operational conditions. (AU)

Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FERRAZ, F. M.; BRUNI, A. T.; POVINELLI, J.; VIEIRA, E. M. Leachate/domestic wastewater aerobic co-treatment: A pilot-scale study using multivariate analysis. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 166, p. 414-419, JAN 15 2016. Web of Science Citations: 8.
FERRAZ, F. M.; POVINELLI, J.; POZZI, E.; VIEIRA, E. M.; TROFINO, J. C. Co-treatment of landfill leachate and domestic wastewater using a submerged aerobic biofilter. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 141, p. 9-15, AUG 1 2014. Web of Science Citations: 19.
CAMPOS, R.; FERRAZ, F. M.; VIEIRA, E. M.; POVINELLI, J. Aerobic co-treatment of landfill leachate and domestic wastewater - are slowly biodegradable organics removed or simply diluted?. WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v. 70, n. 12, p. 1941-1947, 2014. Web of Science Citations: 7.
FERRAZ, FERNANDA M.; POVINELLI, JURANDYR; VIEIRA, ENY MARIA. Ammonia removal from landfill leachate by air stripping and absorption. ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY, v. 34, n. 15, p. 2317-2326, AUG 1 2013. Web of Science Citations: 32.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.