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Effect of transforming growth factor -beta 1 (TGF- b1) and dexametasone on biomineralization: in vitro study of the signaling pathways

Grant number: 10/18094-3
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: June 01, 2011 - May 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry - Dental Clinics
Principal Investigator:Victor Elias Arana-Chavez
Grantee:Victor Elias Arana-Chavez
Home Institution: Faculdade de Odontologia (FO). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The cell culture system has been routinely used to evaluate cellular and MEC events of bone formation under controlled environment. In addition to osteoblast lineages, primary cultures of osteogenic cells derived from rat calvaria are also used. In a previous study carried out in our laboratory, dexamethasone-Dex (10-7 M) and TGF-beta 1 (5 ng/ml) were separately and simultaneously tested in osteogenic cells derived from rat calvaria. In all treatments the proteins OPN, BSP and FN were expressed. Only cells treated with Dex formed mineral nodules; however, in most cases, they were among few collagen fibrils and/or deposited on the substrate, suggesting that spontaneous nucleation of the mineral took place. When cells were treated with TGF-beta 1, changes in cell morphology and absence of ECM components were observed. Moreover, when treated with the two molecules simultaneously, cells were morphologically similar to that found in cells treated only with TGF-beta 1, but some mineralization foci were observed in collagen fibrils. The present project proposes to investigate the molecular effects of TGF-beta 1 and Dex, blocking receptors and studying some elements of their signaling pathways as well as their performance in the differentiation of osteogenic cells at different biomineralization stages by biochemically determine the alkaline phosphatase activity, histochemically detect mineral nodules, as well as by immunodetecting the expression of proteins such as collagen, OPN, BSP, OC, and ON by confocal microscopy. In addition, quantification by Western blot and RT-PCR will be also carried out. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DONATO, TATIANI A. G.; MARTINEZ, ELIZABETH F.; ARANA-CHAVEZ, VICTOR E. Effects of TGF-beta 1 on mineralization mediated by rat calvaria-derived osteogenic cells. MICROSCOPY RESEARCH AND TECHNIQUE, v. 79, n. 12, p. 1139-1146, DEC 2016. Web of Science Citations: 1.

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