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Tibouchina pulchra (cham.) cogn., a native atlantic forest species, as a bio-indicator of ozone: visible injury

Grant number: 07/04052-4
Support type:Regular Research Grants - Publications - Scientific article
Duration: August 01, 2007 - September 30, 2009
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology
Principal researcher:Antonio Salatino
Grantee:Antonio Salatino
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil


Tibouchina pulchra saplings were exposed to carbon filtered air (CF), ambient non-filtered air (NF), and ambient non-filtered air + 40 ppb ozone (NF+O3) 8 h per day during two months. The AOT40 values at the end of the experiment were 48, 910 and 12 895 ppb h-1, respectively for the three treatments. After 25 days of exposure (AOT40 = 3 871 ppb h-1), interveinal red stippling appeared in plants in the NF+O3 chamber. In the NF chamber, symptoms were observed only after 60 days of exposure (AOT40 = 910 ppb h-1). After 60 days, injured leaves per plant corresponded to 19% in NF+O3 and 1% in the NF treatment; and the average leaf area injured was 7% within the NF+O3 and 0.2% within the NF treatment. The extent of leaf area injured (leaf injury index) was mostly explained by the accumulated exposure of ozone (r2=0.89; p<0.05). (AU)

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