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Early emotional traumas, psychiatric disorders and recognition of facial expressions: adaptation of instruments and clinical studies involving the prevalence and association of variables

Abstract

Early traumatic experiences involving not only physical and sexual abuse, but also negligence, emotional abuse, parental separation, losses and environmental disasters, have been considered to be risk factors for the development of poorly adaptive personality traits and for the presence of psychiatric disorders. However, there is a lack of studies involving a reliable evaluation of the presence of a history of traumas and abuse in childhood and adolescence and its association with psychiatric disorders and with the recognition of facial expressions, which may be relevant for the identification of how the abnormal processing of emotions is associated with affective and social symptoms, favoring the planning of diagnostic and intervention procedures. The proposed study intends to contribute to filling this gap, with the following objectives: a) to identify the possible associations between early traumas, psychiatric symptoms, personality traits and the recognition of facial expressions; b) to estimate the prevalence of the occurrence of these traumas in individuals of the general population compared to a clinical sample of individuals with psychiatric disorders; c) to compare the recognition of facial expressions between participants with an experience of early traumas and subjects that do not report this experience; d) to validate for the Brazilian context a self-rating instrument for early traumas of easy and rapid use, and e) to evaluate comparatively different tasks of recognition of facial expressions in an attempt to provide a procedure standardized for the sociocultural and ethnic characteristics of our population, also considering age range, schooling and sex. The sample used will consist of individuals from the general population and of clinical groups previously diagnosed as having psychiatric disorders. (AU)

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Scientific publications (9)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FERREIRA, GABRIELA C. S.; SANCHES, RAFAEL FARIA; DE SOUZA CRIPPA, JOSE ALEXANDRE; DE MELLO, MARCELO FEIJO; OSORIO, FLAVIA L. Borderline personality disorder and bias in the recognition of facial expressions of emotion: a pathway to understand the psychopathology. ARCHIVES OF CLINICAL PSYCHIATRY, v. 45, n. 1, p. 7-11, JAN-FEB 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.
DUALIBE, ALINE LIMIERI; OSORIO, FLAVIA L. Bipolar Disorder and Early Emotional Trauma: A Critical Literature Review on Indicators of Prevalence Rates and Clinical Outcomes. HARVARD REVIEW OF PSYCHIATRY, v. 25, n. 5, p. 198-208, SEP-OCT 2017. Web of Science Citations: 4.
FORNI-SANTOS, LARISSA; OSORIO, FLAVIA L. Influence of gender in the recognition of basic facial expressions: A critical literature review. WORLD JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY, v. 5, n. 3, p. 342-351, SEP 22 2015. Web of Science Citations: 13.
FERNANDES, V.; OSORIO, F. L. Are there associations between early emotional trauma and anxiety disorders? Evidence from a systematic literature review and meta-analysis. EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY, v. 30, n. 6, p. 756-764, SEP 2015. Web of Science Citations: 15.
DA SILVA FERREIRA, GABRIELA C.; CRIPPA, JOSE A. S.; OSORIO, FLAVIA DE LIMA. Facial emotion processing and recognition among maltreated children: a systematic literature review. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, v. 5, DEC 17 2014. Web of Science Citations: 20.
MEDEIROS BARBAR, ANA ELISA; DE SOUZA CRIPPA, JOSE ALEXANDRE; OSORIO, FLAVIA DE LIMA. Performance anxiety in Brazilian musicians: Prevalence and association with psychopathology indicators. Journal of Affective Disorders, v. 152, p. 381-386, JAN 2014. Web of Science Citations: 21.
DONADON, MARIANA FORTUNATA; OSORIO, FLAVIA DE LIMA. Recognition of facial expressions by alcoholic patients: a systematic literature review. NEUROPSYCHIATRIC DISEASE AND TREATMENT, v. 10, p. 1655-1663, 2014. Web of Science Citations: 21.
OSORIO, FLAVIA L.; SALUM, GIOVANNI ABRAHAO; DONADON, MARIANA FORTUNATA; FORNI-DOS-SANTOS, LARISSA; LOUREIRO, SONIA REGINA; CRIPPA, JOSE ALEXANDRE S. Psychometrics Properties of Early Trauma Inventory Self Report - Short Form (ETISR-SR) for the Brazilian Context. PLoS One, v. 8, n. 10 OCT 3 2013. Web of Science Citations: 10.
DOS SANTOS, LARISSA FORNI; LOUREIRO, SONIA REGINA; DE SOUZA CRIPPA, JOSE ALEXANDRE; OSORIO, FLAVIA DE LIMA. Psychometric Validation Study of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale - Self-Reported Version for Brazilian Portuguese. PLoS One, v. 8, n. 7 JUL 26 2013. Web of Science Citations: 3.

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