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Multiscale modeling and numerical simulation of the firsts steps of the formation of colorectal cancer


In this project, we propose a multiscale model and a numerical strategy to obtain a computational simulation of the initial phases of the carcinogenesis process in the colon. Our goal is to model and simulate the formation of adenomas in the colon starting by considering the multiscale interactions of the colonic cells acting in the cavities of the colon epithelium (called crypts). The candidate multiscale model is three dimensional in space and is based on a continuum system of PDEs for thecell dynamics coupled with a viscoelastic model that describe the deformations of the epithelium tissue, the crypt fission, and the formation of adenomas. The numerical methods here proposed to approximate the multiscale interactions of the transient cells with the tissue in the colon epithelium,are in the framework of the "Heterogeneous Multiscale Methods". Since the human colon presents millions of crypts, each with hundreds of transitcells that cab be responsible for the formation of adenomas in the colon, we will use a multiscale strategy during the implementation of the numericalmethod to have an efficient numerical methodology that yields to a balancebetween accuracy and memory/computational cost. This work is an extension of the research that has been developed by Prof. G. Romanazzi and his collaborators in Coimbra during the last seven years in the area of the mathematical modelling and numerical simulation of the firsts stages ofthe formation of colorectal cancer. The novelties of this proposal regard in using: (1) multiscales to model the initial phases (initiation and promotion) of the carcinogenesis in the colon that have been never modeled by using many scales (2) a three dimensional modelling to describe the formation of adenomas (3) the viscoelastic properties of the epithelium tissue, (4) acrypt fission modelling, and (5) an efficient multiscale strategy. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BORGES, J. S.; FERREIRA, J. A.; ROMANAZZI, G.; ABREU, E. Drug release from viscoelastic polymeric matrices- a stable and supraconvergent FDM. COMPUTERS & MATHEMATICS WITH APPLICATIONS, v. 99, p. 257-269, OCT 1 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
FIGUEIREDO, ISABEL N.; LEAL, CARLOS; ROMANAZZI, GIUSEPPE; ENGQUIST, BJORN. Biomathematical model for simulating abnormal orifice patterns in colonic crypts. MATHEMATICAL BIOSCIENCES, v. 315, SEP 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.

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