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Species and interaction diversity in plants and phytophagous insects

Grant number: 98/05085-2
Support type:BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
Duration: May 01, 1999 - July 31, 2004
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology
Principal researcher:Thomas Michael Lewinsohn
Grantee:Thomas Michael Lewinsohn
Home Institution: Instituto de Biologia (IB). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Pesquisadores principais:
Jose Roberto Trigo
Associated scholarship(s):03/02548-1 - Effect of the degradation of habitat on community patterns and properties of trophic networks between plants and phytophage insects, BP.DR
01/08619-2 - Biogeography of the interactions between Asteraceae and the endophagous insects of their capitula in cerrados of São Paulo, BP.PD
01/00852-0 - Abundance of capitula, flowering times and taxonomic isolation are decisive factors in the local wealth of endophagous insects of capitula?, BP.MS
+ associated scholarships 01/00851-3 - Effect of the availability of water and nutrients in a system with three trophic levels, BP.MS
99/05493-6 - Dynamic and genetic structure of populations of Bidens pilosa (Asteraceae), BP.PD
99/06176-4 - Genetic variability in Tomoplagia minuta and T. reimoseri (Diptera: Tephritidae), BP.IC
99/05829-4 - Diversity of the bacterial flora of Tomoplagia minuta and Tomoplagia reinoseri (Diptera, Tephritidae), BP.MS
99/05206-7 - Geographical mosaics, host specializations and the diversity of interactions between plants and insects, BP.PD
99/05205-0 - Diversity of interactions in trophic systems of plants and phytophages, BP.PD - associated scholarships


This project proposes to expand the inventory of a model system to allow the development and testing of descriptive and predictive models for the structure of biological diversity and its response to different factors. We intend to investigate components of ecological communities chosen on a functional and structural basis. In this way, it should be feasible to ascertain more directly the relationship of biological diversity to its historical and functional determinants. We also expect to produce effective methods to parameterise biological diversity with regard to environment-altering processes, as a tool to monitor ecological effects of environmental change, to priorize conservation areas, and so forth. The model system for this project are the Compositae (Asteraceae) and their associated phytophagous insects. Based on previous experience, we intend to inventory systematically the host association of different phytophagous groups (especially Lepidoptera and Diptera) and if possible their parasitoids, with Asteraceae in different habitats and areas with various degrees and kinds of disturbance. We will prioritise cerrado areas, due to the interest in conservation of cerrado and extensive pre-existing information. Other areas to be prioritised include highland meadows in mountain ranges (Serra do Mar, Mantiqueira, and Espinhaço) and bogs in various biomes. We will also prioritise invading and ruderal species in agroecosystems and disturbed habitats. Field work will be essentially carried out throughout the State of São Paulo and neighboring states. The objectives of this study include: to investigate the structure of biological diversity in subsets of natural communities composed of plants and their associated phytophagous insects and natural enemies; to develop methods to separate total biological diversity in components of different spatial, temporal and structural scales; to correlate diversity in these systems with that of other taxa or community subunits; to investigate the structure of species interactions in these model systems by applying existing analyses and theory or by developing new approaches; to investigate the contribution of genetical, phylogenetic, chemical and ecological factors in determining species diversity or interaction diversity and its variation on different. (AU)

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Scientific publications (23)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ALMEIDA-NETO, MARIO; PRADO, PAULO I.; LEWINSOHN, THOMAS M.. Phytophagous insect fauna tracks host plant responses to exotic grass invasion. Oecologia, v. 165, n. 4, p. 1051-1062, . (98/05085-2)
ABREU, A. G.; SOLFERINI, V. N.. Genetic population structure and hybridization in two sibling species, Tomoplagia reticulata and Tomoplagia pallens (Diptera: Tephritidae). Genetics and Molecular Research, v. 7, n. 4, p. 1298-1311, . (98/05085-2)
DIAS, ANDRE T. C.; TRIGO, JOSE ROBERTO; LEWINSOHN, THOMAS M.. Bottom-up effects on a plant-endophage-parasitoid system: The role of flower-head size and chemistry. AUSTRAL ECOLOGY, v. 35, n. 1, p. 104-115, . (98/05085-2)
ALMEIDA-NETO, MARIO; PRADO, PAULO I.; KUBOTA, UMBERTO; BARIANI, JOICE M.; AGUIRRE, GUILHERME H.; LEWINSOHN, THOMAS M.. Invasive grasses and native Asteraceae in the Brazilian Cerrado. PLANT ECOLOGY, v. 209, n. 1, p. 109-122, . (98/05085-2)
ABREU‚ A.G.; PRADO‚ P.I.; NORRBOM‚ A.L.; SOLFERINI‚ V.N.. Genetic and morphological diagnosis and description of two cryptic species of flower head-infesting Tephritidae (Diptera). Insect Systematics and Evolution, v. 36, n. 4, p. 361-370, . (98/05085-2)
LEWINSOHN, THOMAS M.; FREITAS, ANDRÉ VICTOR LUCCI; PRADO, PAULO INÁCIO. Conservation of terrestrial invertebrates and their habitats in Brazil. Conservation Biology, v. 19, n. 3, p. 640-645, . (98/05101-8, 00/01484-1, 98/05085-2, 02/08558-6)
ALMEIDA, ADRIANA M.; PRADO, PAULO I.; LEWINSOHN, THOMAS M.. Geographical distribution of Eupatorieae (Asteraceae) in South-eastern and South Brazilian Mountain Ranges. Plant Ecology, v. 174, n. 1, p. 163-181, . (98/05085-2)
TRIGO, JOSÉ ROBERTO; LEAL, INARA ROBERTA; MATZENBACHER, NELSON IVO; LEWINSOHN, THOMAS MICHAEL. Chemotaxonomic value of pyrrolizidine alkaloids in southern Brazil Senecio (Senecioneae: Asteraceae). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, v. 31, n. 9, p. 1011-1022, . (98/05085-2)
GROMBONE-GUARATINI‚ M.T.; SEMIR‚ J.; SOLFERINI‚ V.N.. Low allozymic variation in the Bidens pilosa L. complex (Asteraceae). BIOCHEMICAL GENETICS, v. 43, n. 7, p. 335-345, . (98/05085-2, 99/05493-6)
LEWINSOHN‚ T.M.; NOVOTNY‚ V.; BASSET‚ Y.. Insects on plants: diversity of herbivore assemblages revisited. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics, p. 597-620, . (98/05085-2)
JORGE, LEONARDO R.; PRADO, PAULO I.; ALMEIDA-NETO, MARIO; LEWINSOHN, THOMAS M.. An integrated framework to improve the concept of resource specialisation. ECOLOGY LETTERS, v. 17, n. 11, p. 1341-1350, . (98/05085-2)
RAIMUNDO‚ R.L.G.; FONSECA‚ R.L.; SCHACHETTI-PEREIRA‚ R.; TOWNSEND PETERSON‚ A.; LEWINSOHN‚ T.M.. Native and exotic distributions of siamweed (Chromolaena odorata) modeled using the genetic algorithm for rule-set production. WEED SCIENCE, v. 55, n. 1, p. 41-48, . (98/05085-2)
JESUS, FLAVIA F.; ABREU, ALUANA G.; SEMIR, JOAO; SOLFERINI, VERA N.. Low genetic diversity but local genetic differentiation in endemic Minasia (Asteraceae) species from Brazil. PLANT SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTION, v. 277, n. 3-4, p. 187-196, . (98/05085-2)
NOBRE, PAOLA A. F.; BERGAMINI, LEONARDO L.; LEWINSOHN, THOMAS M.; JORGE, LEONARDO R.; ALMEIDA-NETO, MARIO. Host-Plant Specialization Mediates the Influence of Plant Abundance on Host Use by Flower Head-Feeding Insects. ENVIRONMENTAL ENTOMOLOGY, v. 45, n. 1, p. 171-177, . (98/05085-2)
NASCIMENTO, ANDRE R.; ALMEIDA-NETO, MARIO; ALMEIDA, ADRIANA M.; FONSECA, CARLOS R.; LEWINSOHN, THOMAS M.; PENTEADO-DIAS, ANGELICA. Disentangling the influence of plants and herbivores on the local diversity of parasitoids in the Brazilian Cerrado. Insect Conservation and Diversity, v. 8, n. 4, p. 313-321, . (98/05085-2)
FARIA, F. A.; PERRE, P.; ZUCCHI, R. A.; JORGE, L. R.; LEWINSOHN, T. M.; ROCHA, A.; TORRES, R. DA S.. Automatic identification of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). JOURNAL OF VISUAL COMMUNICATION AND IMAGE REPRESENTATION, v. 25, n. 7, p. 1516-1527, . (98/05085-2, 10/05647-4, 10/14910-0)
NASCIMENTO, A. R.; ALMEIDA-NETO, M.; ALMEIDA, A. M.; FONSECA, C. R.; LEWINSOHN, T. M.; PENTEADO-DIAS, A. M.. Parasitoid Wasps in Flower Heads of Asteraceae in the Brazilian Cerrado: Taxonomical Composition and Determinants of Diversity. Neotropical Entomology, v. 43, n. 4, p. 298-306, . (98/05085-2)
LEWINSOHN, THOMAS M.; PRADO, PAULO INÁCIO; JORDANO, PEDRO; BASCOMPTE, JORDI; OLESEN, JENS M.. Structure in plant-animal interaction assemblages. OIKOS, v. 113, n. 1, p. 174-184, . (98/05085-2)
FONSECA, CARLOS ROBERTO; PRADO, PAULO I.; ALMEIDA-NETO, MÁRIO; KUBOTA, UMBERTO; LEWINSOHN, THOMAS M.. Flower-heads, herbivores, and their parasitoids: food web structure along a fertility gradient. Ecological Entomology, v. 30, n. 4, p. 36-46, . (98/05085-2)
ALMEIDA-NETO, MÁRIO; LEWINSOHN, THOMAS M.. Small-scale spatial autocorrelation and the interpretation of relationships between phenological parameters. Journal of Vegetation Science, v. 15, n. 4, p. 437-582, . (98/05085-2)
MARIA TEREZA GROMBONE-GUARATINI; VERA NISAKA SOLFERINI; JOÃO SEMIR. Biologia reprodutiva em espécies de Bidens L. (Asteraceae). Scientia Agricola, v. 61, n. 2, p. 185-189, . (98/05085-2, 99/05493-6)

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