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Molecular, structural and functional studies of the Cel12A from Gloeophyllum trabeum, an endo-1,4-²-glucanase from the family 12 of glycosyde hidrolases

Grant number: 09/08233-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2009
Effective date (End): August 31, 2014
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Biophysics
Principal Investigator:Igor Polikarpov
Grantee:Lis Schwartz Miotto
Home Institution: Instituto de Física de São Carlos (IFSC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:08/56255-9 - Structure and function of enzymes and auxiliary proteins from Trichoderma, active in cell-wall hydrolysis, AP.BIOEN.TEM

Abstract

The production of second-generation ethanol by enzymatic hydrolysis of biomass is considered a viable and promising alternative to face the global energy crisis and to decrease our dependence on fossil fuels. Therefore, it is necessary to degrade the constituent molecules of the plant cell wall such as lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose to fermentable sugars. However, the use of enzymes for this purpose is still expensive, leading to the increase on studies seeking to make them more feasible economically and technically. The present study aimed the molecular, structural and functional characterization of the endoglucanase Cel12A from the fungus Gloeophyllum trabeum by different techniques. Biochemical data revealed the substrate specificity for the enzyme and showed that ²-glucan is the best substrate for the activity (239.2 ± 9.1 U mg-1). Optimal conditions for activity were pH 4.5 and temperature of 50. Thermal stability assay indicated a half-life of 84.6 ± 3.6 hours at 50. The kinetic parameters Km (3.2 ± 0.5 mg mL-1) and Vmax (0.02 ± 0.4 min-1 mol) were determined using ²-glucan as substrate. Analysis of scanning electron microscopy of oat spelts and filter paper samples submitted to the hydrolysis by GtCel12A evidenced the effects of degradation of these substrates compared to control samples. Additionally, the low-resolution envelope and the crystallographic structure for GtCel12A were determined. The structure revealed a ²-sandwich fold with two ²-sheets (A and B) and three ±-helices, while sheet A showed five strands and sheet B nine strands. Through comparative analysis of the amino acid sequence and homologous structures, we identified the catalytic residues, Glu142 and Glu227 in the active site of the enzyme. These results are important for understanding and elucidation of the molecular mechanism of action of this enzyme and other glycoside hydrolase family 12 endoglucanases. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MIOTTO, LIS SCHWARTZ; DE REZENDE, CAMILA ALVES; BERNARDES, AMANDA; SERPA, VIVIANE ISABEL; TSANG, ADRIAN; POLIKARPOV, IGOR. The Characterization of the Endoglucanase Cel12A from Gloeophyllum trabeum Reveals an Enzyme Highly Active on beta-Glucan. PLoS One, v. 9, n. 9 SEP 24 2014. Web of Science Citations: 13.
MIOTTO, LIS S.; DOS REIS, CAIO V.; NETO, MARIO DE OLIVEIRA; POLIKARPOV, IGOR. SAXS Studies of the Endoglucanase Cel12A from Gloeophyllum trabeum Show Its Monomeric Structure and Reveal the Influence of Temperature on the Structural Stability of the Enzyme. MATERIALS, v. 7, n. 7, p. 5202-5211, JUL 2014. Web of Science Citations: 2.

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