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The dynamics of psyche in Platonic philosophy: from internal tripartitition to the unitary character of the soul

Grant number: 10/03513-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2010
Effective date (End): July 31, 2012
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Philosophy - History of Philosophy
Principal researcher:Lucas Angioni
Grantee:Natalia Costa Rugnitz
Home Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The nature of the soul (psyche) is the central subject of the study we propose; the Platonic philosophy, its theoretical platform.We will try first, based on the Republic and with support also in the Phaedo and the Symposium, to introduce separately the three main modes in which the psyche manifests itself according to the autor: the rational (logistikón, linked to reason), the irascible (thumoides, related to feelings or emotions) and appetitive (epithymetikón, linked to desires).Then, based solely on the Republic, we will observe the Platonic conception of the relationship between the parts of the soul and their joint in the unit. We will study the "theory of the tripartite soul" trying to show (i) the manner in which Plato establishes and justifies the internal hierarchy, crowned by the ratio, (ii) the alternative ways in which they can organize, paying particular attention to those considered "disabled" or conflicting.Finally, (iii) we will investigate the possibility of defending the thesis that the conflict between the parts of the soul is inherent to its nature, studying the types of conflict that Plato points out, the possibilities of their solution and the limits of these possibilities. (AU)

Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
RUGNITZ, Natalia Costa. Structure and dynamics of the psyche in the platonic philosophy of The Republic. 2012. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas.

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