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Change of Course in Brazilian Foreign Policy: a comparative analysis between Castelo Branco and Fernando Collor.

Grant number: 10/17191-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2011
Effective date (End): February 29, 2012
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - International Politics
Principal researcher:Janina Onuki
Grantee:Italo Beltrão Sposito
Home Institution: Instituto de Relações Internacionais (IRI). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil


The research will seek to make a comparative analysis between the foreign policies of governments Castelo Branco (1964-67) and Fernando Collor de Mello (1990-92). Such a comparison between the two periods could help in studies of Brazilian´s foreign policy (PEB) to contemplate widely different periods - national political system, constitutional, international political system, global economics, foreign policy formulation - that had in common a change of course in the guidelines of the international behavoir, which would have resulted in economic or political-strategic losses. From the analysis of these two specific times, it was found that both had those characteristics: an approach to the United States, the formulation of foreign policy was conducted in a piecemeal way, rejecting premises established historically, possible loss of political space by Itamaraty due to the president posture. The action and the attitude of the Chief Executive were considered as important factors in the definition of the foreign policy guidelines during these periods through measures that resulted in the apparent withdrawal of Foreign Ministry in the first period, and the same and the Armed Forces, in the second. Therefore, it will be discussed how was the process of conceptual formulation and decision-making in foreign policy in those moments, which were the goals of the change of course and what was the role of the Chief Executive in this process and what were the consequence of this attitude over other sectors traditionally participants.

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Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
SPOSITO, Italo Beltrão. Brazilian foreign policy restructuring: a comparative analysis among Castello Branco\'s (1964-1967) and Fernando Collor\'s (1990-1992) Governments. 2012. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Relações Internacionais (IRI) São Paulo.

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