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Socrates: From refutation to the "care of the soul"

Grant number: 11/18134-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2011
Effective date (End): October 31, 2012
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Philosophy - History of Philosophy
Principal researcher:Roberto Bolzani Filho
Grantee:Rafael dos Santos Molinari
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Socrates is a milestone decisive in the history of philosophy. According to the tradition , and numerous commentators, was as from socrates that ethical issues started to have a central place in philosophical debate. Howevwer, Socrates has not left us any written. This way, we can only learn from the thinking of Socrates, what was left us by other authors, and among them Plato deserves a prominent place. In this research project, we will analize three central concepts presented by the Platos Socrates, which are:the concepts of refutation, of investigation, and the concept of the "care of the soul". And for that, we will analyze the youth dialogues of Plato, the so-called "Socratic dialogues", or "dialogues aporetic", because these are the dialogues in which the figure of Socrates is more prominent.

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