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Scientific research and development of a new conception for topical application of methyl - ALA and ALA in photodynamic therapy

Grant number: 12/23161-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2013
Effective date (End): April 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Biomedical Engineering
Principal Investigator:Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato
Grantee:Priscila Fernanda Campos de Menezes
Home Institution: Instituto de Física de São Carlos (IFSC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/07276-1 - CEPOF - Optics and Photonic Research Center, AP.CEPID

Abstract

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is characterized by a set of physical, chemical and biological processes that occurs after administration of photosensitizing compounds which become trapped exclusively in tumor tissue followed by irradiation with visible light. Shortly thereafter occurring mechanisms of energy transfer between the photosensitizer and molecular oxygen present in tissues generating reactive oxygen species capable of carrying the tumor tissue death. It can be said that the clinical application of photosensitizers in PDT therapy is a result of specific and controlled action, between photosensitizer, which acts as an optical finder and selective destructive purpose of tumor cells, as the light used for excitation its. PDT with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and its derivatives (methyl-ALA), as precursors to the formation of Protoporphyrin IX, see been used for the treatment and diagnosis of various types of skin cancers and that each occupying a space increasingly. However topical application of ALA and Methyl-ALA has several advantages of a localized application and not systemic, but also presents some limitations to drug penetration into the skin, limiting therefore the effectiveness of PDT. With this work we will investigate the possibilities of scientific and clinical applications of a conceptual shift that should make the PDT using topical application, applied much more efficient and overcoming thus the limiting of this technique related to ALA penetration at skin.

Filed patent(s) as a result of this research project

COMPOSIÇÃO COSMÉTICA ORAL À BASE DE HIPERICINA E USO DA MESMA BR1020150160640 - Universidade de São Paulo (USP) ; Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC) . Janice Rodrigues Perussi; Priscila Fernanda Campos de Menezes; Livia Rodrigues Perussi Valverde; Anderson Orzari Ribeiro - July 2015, 02