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Effects of monensin, virginiamycin and functional oils essential on rumen papillae morphology of bovines fed a high concentrate diet

Grant number: 13/04208-5
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
Effective date (Start): May 20, 2013
Effective date (End): October 19, 2013
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Animal Husbandry - Animal Nutrition and Feeding
Principal researcher:Paulo Roberto Leme
Grantee:Ana Paula dos Santos Silva
Supervisor abroad: David Michael McNeill
Home Institution: Faculdade de Zootecnia e Engenharia de Alimentos (FZEA). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Pirassununga , SP, Brazil
Research place: University of Queensland, Gatton (UQ), Australia  
Associated to the scholarship:11/15818-3 - Effects of monensin, virginiamycin and functional oils Essental® on the rapid adaptation of high concentrate diets for Nellore catte, BP.MS

Abstract

The intake of high degradation carbohydrates may cause metabolic problems in ruminants such as acidosis. The low rumen pH causes the thickening of the papillae epithelium complicating the absorption of short chain fatty acids. Additives are manipulators of the rumen fermentation through the selection of gram-negative bacterias, which reduces the occurrence of metabolic disorders and contributes to improved animal performance. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of monensin, virginiamycin and functional oils Essential® on the rumen papillae morphology of Nellore cattle, subjected to a challenging condition: abrupt adaptation to a high concentrate diet. Besides the analysis of the effects of additives on the papillae morphology, the student will follow a field experiment, coordinated by Dr. David McNeill, about the use of additives on performance and health of sheep rumen, thereby learning new production techniques will contribute for the discussion of the results related to the student's dissertation (FAPESP Project (2011/1518-3). The internship will be held at The University of Queensland, Australia. The abroad internship still aims to establish an international relationship between the two research centers. (AU)

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