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Effects of a hydrotherapy program in the variables of quality of life and sleep in women with Fibromyalgia Syndrome

Grant number: 12/22985-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2013
Effective date (End): July 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy
Principal Investigator:Tania de Fatima Salvini
Grantee:Bruna Hirano Imbriani
Home Institution: Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde (CCBS). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:11/22122-5 - Study of the biomechanical, sensorial, cardiorespiratory and quality of life adaptations associated to physical therapy intervention in the fibromyalgic syndrome, AP.TEM

Abstract

The fibromyalgia syndrome (FS) is a complex syndrome of unknown origin that primarily affects women and is characterized by diffuse and chronic pain, presence of tender points, and often associated with fatigue, anxiety, sleep disorders and functional disability. The use of questionnaires and scales of assessments has been recognized as an important area of scientific knowledge in the health field, since it allows a more objective assessment of subjective symptoms such as pain, anxiety, depression, quality of life and sleep. In clinical practice, they can identify the needs of patients and evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention. In controlled clinical trials, serve as an instrument for measuring the results of and are also an important component of the cost-utility of treatment. According to recent systematic reviews, one of the most commonly used therapies with beneficial effects identified for subjects with SF is hydrotherapy, which combines exercises with the relaxing effects of water. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of a program of 8 weeks of hydrotherapy on quality of life, sleep quality and impact of fibromyalgia in women with this disease. Ten women diagnosed with SF and ten with no history of musculoskeletal disorders will be evaluated once the pre-intervention, and women with SF, after eight weeks of treatment. In each evaluation criteria will be evaluated quality of life and sleep quality of the volunteers through the questionnaires Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), the Fibromyalgia Impact (FIQ, Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire) and Protocol post-sleep (PSI, Post-Sleep Inventory). The intervention consist of two weekly sessions for about one hour for 8 weeks, hydrotherapy. Each session will cover the stages of respiratory control, heating, exercises, stretching and final relaxation. The statistical analysis shall include a description of the variables, both qualitative and quantitative. The correlation between the variables will be analyzed. Is assumed a significance level of 5%.