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THE INFLUENCE LOW INTENSITY LASER THERAPY (LILT) IN CONNECTIVE TISSUE GRAFT FOR ROOT COVERAGE IN SMOLKERS. A CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIAL

Grant number: 13/11025-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2014
Effective date (End): January 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry - Periodontology
Principal researcher:Mauro Pedrine Santamaria
Grantee:Marcus Vinícius Alves Fonseca
Home Institution: Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia (ICT). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de São José dos Campos. São José dos Campos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Gingival recession is a highly prevalent problem, and may reach 100% of individuals older than 50 years old. The presence of the recession may lead to other problems such as tooth sensitivity, esthetic complaints, biofilm accumulation, root caries, and non-carious cervical lesions. To deal with gingival recessions, several surgical techniques have been developed. The most predictable results are acheived by coronally positioned flap (CAF), performed alone or associated with connective tissue graft (CTG). However, the literature shows that smokers patients present poor results compared to non-smokers when CAF and CTG are used to treat gengival recessions. Thus, there is a need to test new approaches in order to increase the predictability of the treatments for gingival recession in this group of patients. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of low-intensity laser therapy on connective tissue graft to treat gengival recession in smokers, using clinical parameters, aesthetics and patient comfort evaluations. To this end, a double-blind controled clinical trial will be performed following the CONSORT-STATEMENT 2010 guidelines. Thirty patients presenting gingival recession be selected and will be allocated in two groups: Test Group (n=15), connective tissue graft associated with the application of low intensity laser in smokers individuals and the Control Group (n=15), connective tissue graft associated with the application of low intensity laser in non-smokers individuals. The percentage of root coverage, aesthetics scores and patient comfort will be assessed at baseline and 45 days, 2, 3, and 6 months after the procedure.

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Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
FONSECA, Marcus Vinícius Alves. Influência da aplicação de laser de baixa intensidade no recobrimento radicular associado à técnica de enxerto de tecido conjuntivo em indivíduos fumantes: ensaio clínico controlado randomizado. 2016. 79 f. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual Paulista "Julio de Mesquita Filho" Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia (Campus de São José dos Campos)..

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.