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Application of DNA barcoding technique in the investigation of order Halymeniales (Rhodophyta) diversity along the Brazilian Coast

Grant number: 13/25409-9
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): April 23, 2014
Effective date (End): October 22, 2014
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Botany - Plant Taxonomy
Principal researcher:Mariana Cabral de Oliveira
Grantee:Carolina Angélica Araújo de Azevedo
Supervisor abroad: Gary W. Saunders
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: University of New Brunswick, Fredericton (UNB Fredericton), Canada  
Associated to the scholarship:11/19225-7 - Diversity and phylogeny of Halymeniales order (Rhodophyta) on the coast of Brazil, BP.DR

Abstract

Halymeniales (Rhodophyta) presents a wide ecological and economical importance, as primary producers and bioactive compounds producers, but exhibits a problematic taxonomy, with reports of misidentifications and nomenclatural changes. In order to complement the morphological taxonomy, the molecular assisted-alpha taxonomy, including the use of DNA barcodes, has been proposed. The DNA barcoding technique consists in the utilization of short standardized genomic regions associated to taxonomic entities, and is considered a helpful tool for rapid taxonomic assessments. Considering the lack of studies on the systematics of Halymeniales in Brazil, the diversity of the group is possibly underestimated. In this context, this study aims to investigate the diversity of these algae along the Brazilian coast, in order to contribute to the knowledge of native marine flora. To accomplish it, COI-5P (primary marker) and rbcL-3P (secondary Marker) sequences will be generated and compared to other molecular markers. Finally, molecular analysis output, along with interspecific and intraspecific divergences will be compared to morphological data in order to verify the species diversity of the order in Brazil. (AU)

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