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Novel green solvents for cellulose: synthesis, properties and applications of gemini ionic liquids in cellulose chemistry

Grant number: 13/18008-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2014
Effective date (End): October 28, 2015
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Chemistry - Organic Chemistry
Principal researcher:Omar Abou El Seoud
Grantee:Naved Anjum Ibrahimbhai Malek
Home Institution: Instituto de Química (IQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:10/03629-9 - Green solvents: chemistry and applications of ionic liquids in catalysis, colloid chemistry and derivatization of biopolymers, AP.TEM

Abstract

Green chemistry is directing the development of the next generation of processes and products. Biodegradable polymers based on renewable biomass are promising feedstock to replace synthetic polymers; of these cellulose and its derivatives are prime candidates. The presence of strong inter- and intra-molecular hydrogen bonds within cellulose structure prevents its dissolution in common organic solvents. Cellulose dissolves physically (i.e., without formation of covalent bonds), however, in several solvents, e.g., ionic liquids, ILs. The latter have generated much interest because of their polarity, chemical and thermal stability, and structural versatility. Limitations to the use of ILs in cellulose chemistry include their high cost and the high viscosity of the solutions obtained. Recently, gemni-type (i.e., dicationic) ionic liquids, GILs, in which two monocations are covalently linked with a "spacer" have been introduced. These offer an additional structural flexibility because the structure of the cations, and the length of the spacer group that links the two cations can be changed. To our knowledge, there is no information on the efficiency of GILs as solvents for the dissolution, regeneration, and derivatization of cellulose. The present project aims at determining the dependence of cellulose dissolution and acylation in GILs on their molecular structure, either pure or, where required, their mixtures with dipolar aprotic solvents, DAS. The use of mixtures of ILs with DAS is expected to decrease the viscosity of the biopolymer solution. Microcrystalline- and fibrous cellulose samples (cotton and sisal) will be employed, the latter both native and mercerized. Selected GILs and/or mixtures GIL/molecular solvents will be employed as solvents for the acylation of cellulose. The results will be compared with other cellulose solvent systems. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PINHEIRO, AMANDA C.; GONCALVES, ANDRE B.; BAADER, WILHELM J.; YAMAGUCHI, LYDIA F.; MALEK, I, NAVED; BASTOS, ERICK L.; EL SEOUD, OMAR A. BIOFUELS FROM COCONUT FAT AND SOYBEAN OIL: MICROWAVE-ASSISTED SYNTHESIS AND GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY/MASS SPECTROMETRY ANALYSIS. Química Nova, v. 41, n. 10, p. 1200-1204, DEC 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.