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Relation between size, composition and structures of Co-Ni nanoparticles and its influence on catalytic properties in steam reforming of ethanol

Grant number: 13/10858-2
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2014
Effective date (End): February 29, 2016
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Chemical Engineering
Principal Investigator:José Maria Correa Bueno
Grantee:Adriano Henrique Braga
Home Institution: Centro de Ciências Exatas e de Tecnologia (CCET). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

In this project we propose studies for the development of Ni and Co based catalysts, "reals" and "models" for steam reforming of ethanol (SRE), as well as the development of in situ methods of characterization. The effects variation of Co/Ni composition and metal loading in bimetallic systems will be evaluated regarding the control of carbon accumulation and the decreasing of methane formation during reforming reaction. The catalysts will be prepared by different techniques in order to obtain different particle sizes. It has be seen that these parameters (particle size and metallic composition) influences both the formation of methane (unlike in the point of view of H2 yield) as well as the carbon accumulation. It is observed the formation of a spinel M+2(M+3)2O4 in bimetallic Co-Ni catalysts and this mixed oxide once reduced can yield an Co-Ni alloy, according the literature data suggests. The alloy formation influences the carbon deposition on the catalyst surface during SRE, which can be assigned to changes in the electronic properties with Co addition on Ni, due to the shift in d-band center of the metals regarding to the Fermi level. Oxide species (MO) in the metallic nanoparticles surface (M0)can be formed under the SRE atmosphere. The oxi-reduction properties and density of oxide species on the catalyst surface might depend of the particles size and its electronic properties in the metal surface. These oxide species may help in the carbon oxidation formed during SRE in the metals surface, which would be represented by the reactions M0+ H2O” MO + H2 e C-M0 + MO” CO + 2M0. Thus, it is expected that the study of how the mentioned hey points affect the catalytic properties will lead to the understanding of reaction and consequently to stable catalysts for steam reforming of ethanol.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BRAGA, ADRIANO H.; RIBEIRO, MAURO C.; NORONHA, FABIO B.; GALANTE, DOUGLAS; BUENO, JOSE M. C.; SANTOS, JOAO B. O. Effects of Co Addition to Supported Ni Catalysts on Hydrogen Production from Oxidative Steam Reforming of Ethanol. ENERGY & FUELS, v. 32, n. 12, p. 12814-12825, DEC 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
MIZUNO, STEFANIE C. M.; BRAGA, ADRIANO H.; HORI, CARLA E.; SANTOS, JOAO BATISTA O.; BUENO, JOSE MARIA C. Steam reforming of acetic acid over MgAl2O4-supported Co and Ni catalysts: Effect of the composition of Ni/Co and reactants on reaction pathways. CATALYSIS TODAY, v. 296, n. SI, p. 144-153, NOV 1 2017. Web of Science Citations: 11.
BRAGA, ADRIAND H.; SODRE, ELAINE R.; SANTOS, JOAO BATISTA O.; DE PAULA MARQUES, CLELIA M.; BUENO, JOSE MARIA C. Steam reforming of acetone over Ni- and Co-based catalysts: Effect of the composition of reactants and catalysts on reaction pathways. APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL, v. 195, p. 16-28, OCT 15 2016. Web of Science Citations: 22.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.