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DEVELOPMENT OF ALGINATE AND CHITOSAN MEMBRANES REINFORCED WITH FIBERS AND CONTAINING GROWTH FACTOR FOR TISSUE ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS

Grant number: 13/23653-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2014
Effective date (End): January 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Chemical Engineering - Chemical Technology
Principal researcher:Angela Maria Moraes
Grantee:Andrea Cristiane Krause Bierhalz
Home Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia Química (FEQ). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The use of three-dimensional scaffolds obtained from natural polymers, such as alginate andchitosan, represents a promising alternative for the attachment and growth of mesenchymal stem cells for tissue engineering applications. Alginate and chitosan are biodegradable,biocompatible, non-toxic and can be used together to form a polyelectrolyte complex, which have more effective functional attributes than either the chitosan or alginate separately. Although polysaccharide scaffolds play an important role as a support material to cell adhesion, they are often unable to fully provide the necessary microenvironment for tissue development. The use of growth factors has been considered an attractive strategy to improve the biological functions of different types of scaffolds and to induce cell proliferation, attachment and differentiation during in vitro culture. Recombinant epidermal growth factor (rhEGF) is a bioactive compound known to stimulate the proliferation of a wide variety of cells, specially of epidermal cells. However, growth factors are susceptible to proteolysis anddenaturation, presenting a short-term biological activity. To overcome these limitations and topromote sustainable delivery, the incorporation of the rhEGF growth factor into alginate orchitosan nanoparticles is proposed herein. The nanoparticles will be characterized for theirsize, encapsulation efficiency and in vitro release behavior. In order to increase themechanical strength of the biomaterial, alginate-chitosan composites will be reinforced withnatural or synthetic suture yarns in different proportions, sizes and orientation in thepolymeric matrix. The membranes prepared will be characterized according to physicalchemicalaspects and regarding both direct and indirect cytotoxicity to murine mesenchymal stem cells. By the end of this project, an innovative alginate-chitosan composite scaffold with suitable properties for application in skin tissue engineering is expected to obtained.

Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BIERHALZ, ANDREA C. K.; MORAES, ANGELA MARIA. Composite membranes of alginate and chitosan reinforced with cotton or linen fibers incorporating epidermal growth factor. Materials Science & Engineering C-Materials for Biological Applications, v. 76, p. 287-294, JUL 1 2017. Web of Science Citations: 7.
KRAUSE BIERHALZ, ANDREA CRISTIANE; LOPES, SELMA APARECIDA; RESENDE PIRES, ANA LUIZA; MORAES, ANGELA MARIA. Development of polysaccharide-based membranes incorporating the bioactive compound aloin. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS, v. 66, n. 4, p. 193-202, 2017. Web of Science Citations: 4.
BIERHALZ, ANDREA C. K.; MORAES, ANGELA MARIA. Tuning the properties of alginatechitosan membranes by varying the viscosity and the proportions of polymers. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, v. 133, n. 46 DEC 10 2016. Web of Science Citations: 8.
BIERHALZ, ANDREA C. K.; WESTIN, CECILIA BUZATTO; MORAES, ANGELA MARIA. Comparison of the properties of membranes produced with alginate and chitosan from mushroom and from shrimp. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, v. 91, p. 496-504, OCT 2016. Web of Science Citations: 9.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.