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Maintenance of nests and bioassays with leaf-cutting ants

Grant number: 14/05764-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2014
Effective date (End): December 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Biology
Principal Investigator:Odair Correa Bueno
Grantee:Thais Fernanda Rodrigues Marchesin
Home Institution: Centro de Estudos de Insetos Sociais (CEIS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Rio Claro. Rio Claro , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:12/50197-2 - Action of products used in cultivation of sugar cane on non-target organisms, AP.BIOEN.TEM

Abstract

Action of products used in the cultivation of sugar cane on non-target organisms. According to IBGE (2010), the cane sugar is the first national agricultural product produced in quantity, and its remarkable culture in the state of São Paulo. The increasing use of pesticides and other xenobiontes this culture is of great concern, since its effects have caused both financial and environmental losses, primarily related to non-target organisms. The combination of chemical analyzes with bioassays performed with different test organisms allows us to estimate the effects of pollutants on ecosystems may be suffering and may provide the basis for decision-making by government and environmental agencies. Thus, it is fully justified to conduct a comprehensive analysis to obtain an integrated view of the effects of various pesticides used in agricultural areas, particularly in the culture of cane sugar, using various biological models related to physical and chemical analyses. The project integrates multidisciplinary fields related studies and the use of various organisms spread in the air on land and in water, to assess the ecotoxicology of substances of high employment in this culture. The results may contribute significantly to obtain new knowledge, providing subsidies to strategize in the practice of pest control, the use of pesticides and disposal of waste applied in agroecosystems. Also contribute in the development of trained to analyze the relationships between various factors and promote sustainable human resource development. Keywords: vinasse, sewage sludge, herbicides, insecticides, percolation, biomarkers, biomarkers.