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Taxonomic revision of the pipefishes Pseudophallus mindii (Meek & Hildebrand 1923) and P. brasiliensis (Dawson 1974), with an osteological study of P. mindii in the osteological context (Teleostei: Gasterosteiformes: Syngnathidae)

Grant number: 13/19979-7
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2014
Effective date (End): November 22, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology - Taxonomy of Recent Groups
Principal Investigator:Mônica de Toledo-Piza Ragazzo
Grantee:Caio Isola Dallevo Do Amaral Gomes
Host Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):15/08024-1 - Taxonomic review of the pipefishes Pseudophallus mindii (Meek & Hildebrand 1923) e P. brasiliensis Dawson 1974 (Teleostei: Syngnathiformes: Syngnathidae), BE.EP.MS


The Family Syngnathidae includes seahorses and pipefishes, diagnosed by the presence of a breeding pouch in the males, bony rings covering the body, and fused edentule jaws. Most species are marine fishes, but it includes some exclusively freshwater forms. There are 11 known species of pipefishes along the Brazilian coast, highlightening Pseudophallus mindii (Meek and Hildebrand 1923) which occurs in freshwater bodies from Honduras in Central America to Santa Catarina. It has been proposed in the literature a clinal variation along the Brazilian coast in which the Southern populations of P. mindii presented decreased values in some meristic data. Besides that, in 1974 a new species from Tocantins River (P. brasiliensis) was described, which was considered a synonym of P. mindii by some authors in subsequent years it. In this context, a preliminary morphological study involving specimens of P. mindii from coastal stream of Brazil showed that there is in fact a morphological cline, but that the taxonomic question involving P. mindii and P. brasiliensis can only be properly addressed after a detailed taxonomical review including the examining of material from the type locality of P. mindii and the Caribbean and South American coast. Besides that, recently collected specimens were adequately preserved permitting an osteological study of P. mindii, including males with eggs in different stages of development in their breeding pouch. The present study will review P. mindii and P. brasiliensis based on meristic and morphometric data, and will search for additional characters in the external morphology and osteology including the ontogenetic context, in addition to updating the geographical range of the valid species.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DALLEVO-GOMES, CAIO I. A.; MATTOX, GEORGE M. T.; TOLEDO-PIZA, MONICA. Taxonomic review of the pipefish genus Pseudophallus Herald, with the description of a new species (Syngnathiformes: Syngnathidae). Zootaxa, v. 4859, n. 1, p. 81-112, . (13/19979-7, 15/08024-1)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
GOMES, Caio Isola Dallevo Do Amaral. Taxonomic review of the genus Pseudophallus Herald 1940 with an osteological study of Pseudophallus brasiliensis Dawson 1974 (Teleostei, Syngnathiformes, Syngnathidae). 2017. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Biociências (IBIOC/SB) São Paulo.

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