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Situations of justice, contextualizing the self: Rainer Forst and Seyla Benhabib in debate

Grant number: 14/13155-5
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2014
Effective date (End): March 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Philosophy - Ethics
Principal researcher:Yara Adario Frateschi
Grantee:Ana Cláudia Lopes Silveira
Supervisor abroad: Rainer Forst
Home Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Research place: Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany  
Associated to the scholarship:13/15036-0 - From Discourse to Moral Conversations: A reformulation of Discourse Ethics according to Seyla Benhabib, BP.MS

Abstract

The defense of a moral theory at the same time universalist and context sensitive is one of the most important themes concerning the new generation of critical theory. Seyla Benhabib and Rainer Forst are the main exponents of this movement. Benhabib departs from Habermasian discourse ethics in order to reformulate it in light of the objections proceeded by communitarian, post-modernist and, most notably, feminist thought; Forst departs from an eminent debate with the tradition of political liberalism and with Axel Honneth's recognition theory. Both of them defended original projects, respectively "interactive universalism" and "contextualist universalism". If both share their initial motivations, they also share a set of problems concerning the most recent debate regarding cosmopolitan rights and transnational justice. However, despite the similarities in their motivations and problems, their conceptual constellations are quite different, resulting in divergent models and challenges. This debate is of key importance to our master's research, because Seyla Benhabib's work have been widely debated with philosophical scrutiny in Germany. One prominent exponent of the debate is Rainer Forst, particularly because his own theory in many aspects contests Benhabib's ideas. The aim of this internship is, therefore, to contrast the developments of our master's research with the current debates in Germany regarding the rehabilitation of universalism in contemporary philosophy, specially by Professor. This stay intends to strength our master's research by confronting it with other extremely relevant project concerning the same set of problems of our inquiry. (AU)

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