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Social housing and urbanization in São Paulo industrialization: the residential complex of Várzea do Carmo - São Paulo

Grant number: 14/08255-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2014
Effective date (End): July 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning - Fundamentals of Architecture and Urbanism
Principal researcher:Leandro Silva Medrano
Grantee:Fernanda Ormelezi Pitombo
Home Institution: Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The magnitude of the urban problems of the city of São Paulo comes to a stage unprecedented, as both historical economic as urban policies problems seem to have mitigated, revealing the difficulties in the realm of ideas and solutions for the city. In relation to social housing, these stalemates are more evident as the massive public investments have not represented a qualitative change in different scales of the metropolis. Despite some important examples of housing solutions in "paulista" architecture indicating a more comprehensive proposal for urban space, there are no systematic studies that focus on this approach. The objective of this research is to identify the spatial patterns - understood as the relationship between architecture and city - in the projects of social housing built in the city of São Paulo from 1930 to the creation of BNH in 1964. In this sense, this research proposes: a) spatial analysis of the typologies; b) the relationship of these typologies with the existing city; c) the transformation of these spaces of habitat in the development of the city; d) the reception and incorporation of these alternatives to discipline and e) the consolidation of the documents of these projects for future research. It is believed that the results of these analyzes should contribute to the debate regarding alternatives and innovations of urban space in this time of great challenges to national development.