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Evaluation of hemodynamic effects of sodium nitrite: involvement of angiotensin converting enzyme

Grant number: 14/06197-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2014
Effective date (End): September 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Pharmacology - Cardiorenal Pharmacology
Principal researcher:Jose Eduardo Tanus dos Santos
Grantee:Graziele Cristina Ferreira
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (FMRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Currently, nitrate is considered a source of NO. The nitrite may be converted to nitric oxide by enzymatic or chemical means. Works have demonstrated the antihypertensive effect of sodium nitrite in a model of hypertension 2 kidneys 1 clip (2K1C). However, the mechanisms responsible for the antihypertensive effect of nitrite were not fully elucidated. 2K1C hypertension occurs with a significant increase in the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity. Since this enzyme is inhibited by NO, we believe that nitrite can inhibit ACE when converted to NO. To prove our hypothesis, we will evaluate whether treatment with sodium nitrite reduces blood pressure increases which are induced by intravenous infusion of angiotensin I and angiotensin II as well as the hypotensive responses to the infusion of bradykinin, indicating potential changes in the activity of ACE alive. Also, we will determine in plasma and aorta the ACE activity and plasma concentrations of nitrite nitrate aiming to correlate it with their activities of ACE.

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