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Technological development of remote sensing to detect phase shifts on coral reefs using optical sensors installed in drone

Grant number: 14/17815-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2015
Effective date (End): November 06, 2017
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Oceanography - Biological Oceanography
Acordo de Cooperação: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal Investigator:Alexander Turra
Grantee:Igor Cristino Silva Cruz
Host Institution: Instituto Oceanográfico (IO). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil


The Coastal Zone, as the interface between terrestrial and marine ecosystems, is responsible for a wide range of functions and ecological services. Shared renewable natural resources demand alternative governance systems that meet the new challenges imposed by socio-environmental problems and provide space and voice to social actors previously excluded from conventional management systems. These new systems become especially necessary in Coastal Zone due to its multiple uses, characteristic conflicts and complex management, involving overlapping legal frameworks and management tools. Within this context, international (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission) and national (Ministry of Environment) processes emerge in an attempt to develop the Marine Spatial Planning, in which territorial and common resources management are aggregated. Therefore, this project will investigate issues related to regulating the use of common resources and equitable sharing of benefits derived from marine ecosystem services that, when considered in a limited territory, demand a complex and innovative patrimonial approach (private and domanial). In this regard the management of commons, complemented by the patrimonial management of the Coastal Zone and adaptive co-management, is the analytical approach that, in combination with data from a systemic analysis of the natural environment (information collected in different modules of the Project Biota Araçá - FAPESP) and methods to support multicriteria decision-making processes, will provide the basis for discussions in a "Systems-Actors" approach. The main objective is to foster and analyze the implementation of a management process in Araçá Bay, São Sebastião, SP, which is part of the Marine Protected Area of the North Coast of São Paulo State. Thus, considering the existing social-environmental network in a scenario of great pressure for growth and change of coastal and marine landscapes, representing other national and global regions, a descriptive and explanatory diagnosis of major ecosystem services and environmental conflicts and problems will be examined and analyzed, in order to establish an integrated and participatory local management system. In this context, the following activities are planned: to identify, sensitize and mobilize local actors, to perform an integrated analysis of existing instruments and public policies for territorial and marine resources management; to systematize environmental and socioeconomic information; to design and analyze future scenarios and actual trends, and to identify and prioritize actions and strategies for sustainable use of the study area. These will be accomplished through different methods such as document analysis, interviews, dissemination strategies, workshops and participatory research, to strengthen dialogue between social actors and foster an integrated and participatory local management system, which analysis will provide an understanding of factors that enhance or hinder learning and social control as well as governance of the Coastal Zone. (AU)

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Scientific publications (10)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
LEAL, MIGUEL C.; ROCHA, RUI J. M.; ANAYA-ROJAS, JAIME M.; CRUZ, IGOR C. S.; FERRIER-PAGES, CHRISTINE. Trophic and stoichiometric consequences of nutrification for the intertidal tropical zoanthid Zoanthus sociatus. Marine Pollution Bulletin, v. 119, n. 1, p. 169-175, . (14/17815-0)
ROSA, INES C.; ROCHA, RUI J. M.; LOPES, ANA; CRUZ, IGOR C. S.; CALADO, RICARDO; BANDARRA, NARCISA; KIKUCHI, RUY K.; SOARES, AMADEU M. V. M.; SERODIO, JOAO; ROSA, RUI. Impact of air exposure on the photobiology and biochemical profile of an aggressive intertidal competitor, the zoanthid Palythoa caribaeorum. Marine Biology, v. 163, n. 11, . (14/17815-0)
MANTELATTO, MARCELO CHECOLI; SILVA CRUZ, IGOR CRISTINO; CREED, JOEL CHRISTOPHER. A review of the knowledge of shallow subtidal benthic communities in Brazil. MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, v. 140, p. 69-77, . (14/17815-0)
SILVA CRUZ, IGOR CRISTINO; MEIRA, VERENA HENSCHEN; PAPA DE KIKUCHI, RUY KENJI; CREED, JOEL CHRISTOPHER. The role of competition in the phase shift to dominance of the zoanthid Palythoa cf. variabilis on coral reefs. MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, v. 115, p. 28-35, . (14/17815-0)
CREED, JOEL C.; FENNER, DOUGLAS; SAMMARCO, PAUL; CAIRNS, STEPHEN; CAPEL, KATIA; JUNQUEIRA, ANDREA O. R.; CRUZ, IGOR; MIRANDA, RICARDO J.; CARLOS-JUNIOR, LELIS; MANTELATTO, MARCELO CHECOLI; et al. The invasion of the azooxanthellate coral Tubastraea (Scleractinia: Dendrophylliidae) throughout the world: history, pathways and vectors. Biological Invasions, v. 19, n. 1, p. 283-305, . (14/17815-0)
ROSA, INES C.; ROCHA, RUI J. M.; CRUZ, IGOR; LOPES, ANA; MENEZES, NATALIA; BANDARRA, NARCISA; KIKUCHI, RUY; SERODIO, JOAO; SOARES, AMADEU M. V. M.; ROSA, RUI. Effect of tidal environment on the trophic balance of mixotrophic hexacorals using biochemical profile and photochemical performance as indicators. MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, v. 135, p. 55-62, . (14/17815-0)
LOIOLA, MIGUEL; CRUZ, IGOR C. S.; LISBOA, DANILO S.; MARIANO-NETO, EDUARDO; LEAO, ZELINDA M. A. N.; OLIVEIRA, MARILIA D. M.; KIKUCHI, RUY K. P.. Structure of marginal coral reef assemblages under different turbidity regime. MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, v. 147, p. 138-148, . (14/17815-0)
MARCOS F TOMASI; LINDA G WATERS; IGOR C. S CRUZ; ARTHUR Z GÜTH; ALEXANDER TURRA. Short Period Baited Remote Underwater Video as a cost-benefit tool to evaluate effectiveness of Marine No-take Zones. Ocean and Coastal Research, v. 70, . (14/17815-0)
CRUZ, IGOR C. S.; WATERS, LINDA G.; KIKUCHI, RUY K. P.; LEAO, ZELINDA M. A. N.; TURRA, ALEXANDER. Marginal coral reefs show high susceptibility to phase shift. Marine Pollution Bulletin, v. 135, p. 551-561, . (14/17815-0)

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