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The gas crisis and his ramifications in foreign policy and Brazilian energy agenda of Lulas second mandate

Grant number: 15/03279-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2015
Effective date (End): November 30, 2016
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - International Politics
Principal Investigator:Rodrigo Duarte Fernandes dos Passos
Grantee:Renan de Campos Colnago
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciências (FFC). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Marília. Marília , SP, Brazil

Abstract

During the decade of 1990 two concomitants processes took place in Brazil and Bolivia, the Brazilian energetic crisis was aggravated, reaching his top in 2001, and in Bolivia the politics, in this sector, was liberal and it was seeking to attract the private capital. Paying attention to these two objectives it was promulgated in 1996 the Treaty of La Paz between Brazil and Bolivia, what resulted in the development of the gas pipeline Brazil-Bolivia, which had, among others, the objective to moderate the Brazilian energetic crisis and to turn Bolivia into the center of the energetic production of the South America. With the resignation of president Losada in Bolivia and the decline of the liberal policies, and, consequently the rise of nationalists movements culminating in the election of Evo Morales in 2006, the Bolivian government adopts a nationalism posture regarding the hydrocarbons (oil and gas), resulting in Supreme Decree, nationalizing any production of hydrocarbons in Bolivian ground, affecting straightly the Petrobras, and the Brazilian energetic program.In front of this propellant fact, we can ascertain the Brazilian position in the energetic theme in South America countries in the second mandate of presidente Lula, establish relations with the Supreme Decree and analyse the consequences in the Brazilian foreign police in the energetic field on South America.