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The effect of facilitation procedures in the emergence of analogy and equivalence-equivalence relations

Grant number: 15/00992-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2015
Effective date (End): April 30, 2016
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Psychology - Experimental Psychology
Principal Investigator:Nassim Chamel Elias
Grantee:Madeleine Reinert Marcelino
Home Institution: Centro de Educação e Ciências Humanas (CECH). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Responding to equivalence-equivalence (Eq-Eq) relations, based on the formation of stimulus equivalence classes, is a central concept of functional analytical model of analogical reasoning or analogy according to Relational Frame Theory (RFT) theorists. The relational stimulus control plays an important role in arbitrary relational responding. Previous research has shown that the prerequisite training to establish stimulus equivalence classes is not always sufficient for the emergence of Eq-Eq relations, even in adults. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the effects of the formation of stimulus equivalence classes and facilitation procedures in the emergence of Eq-Eq relations (analogy). Participants will be 30 undergrad students. A computerized matching-to-sample (MTS) procedure will be used to establish three three-member classes with visual stimuli and to test the emergence of Eq-Eq relations. Participants who do not show the Eq-Eq relations will be exposed to a facilitation procedure through MTS tasks with geometric pictures or the equal/different signs as comparison stimuli.