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A cladistic analysis and distribution of the Scotaena Klug species (Hymenoptera, Vespoidea, Tiphiidae, Thynninae)

Grant number: 15/06280-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2015
Effective date (End): April 30, 2017
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology - Taxonomy of Recent Groups
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal researcher:Fernando Barbosa Noll
Grantee:Fernando Henrique Carnimeo
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas (IBILCE). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de São José do Rio Preto. São José do Rio Preto , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):16/07970-3 - Morphological analysis and taxonomic review of the Scotaena Klug, 1810 (Hymenoptera, Tiphiidae, Thynninae) from the Natural History Museum, BE.EP.MS


Tiphiidae, one family of aculeate Hymenoptera, remains poorly studied, despite being know about 2,000 species and 120 genera in the world. Of its seven subfamilies, Thynninae is the more diverse in terms of genera and species number, and it is distributed in Neotropical and Australiasian region. Thynninae comprehend four tribes, Scotaenini is one of them and has seven exclusively neotropical genera, but recent studies do not recovered its monophyly. Not only the tribe, but also Scotaena Klug (Scotaeninis type-genus) was proved to be non-monophyletic. Thus, a revision of the genera that compounds Scotaenini is necessary, mainly Scotaena. The genus presents at the moment 15 recognized species: Scotaena brunnea Fox, S. clypearis (Durán-Moya), S. decora (Smith), S. duckei Smith, S. fastuosa (Smith), S. flavovariegata (Smith), S. genisei (Kimsey), S. horni (Turner), S. pallida (Fox), S. polistoides Turner. S. pubescens (Klug), S. rosenbergi (Turner), S. trifasciata (Klug), S. vetusta Turner e S. vigilii (Bréthes). Besides the absence of an identification key and the scarcity of distribution data of the species, they have suffered several taxonomic changes through the years, without any cladistic approach. Thereby, to improve in the understanding of the genus, the main goals of the present work comprehend a phylogenetic analysis, followed by the elaboration of an identification key and distribution maps of the species. For that will be used fixed male specimens, provided by entomological collections. This study will contribute to a more solid and coherent understanding of Scotaena, and also the whole Tiphiidae family. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CARNIMEO, FERNANDO HENRIQUE; NOLL, FERNANDO BARBOSA. On the dumping ground genus Scotaena Klug, 1810 (Hymenoptera: Tiphiidae: Thynninae): Phylogeny, taxonomy and geographic distribution. Zootaxa, v. 4399, n. 4, p. 451-490, MAR 23 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
CARNIMEO, Fernando Henrique. . 2017. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Instituto de Biociências Letras e Ciências Exatas. São José do Rio Preto São José do Rio Preto.

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