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Clinical comparison and subsidiary of canine neonates born in eutocia vaginal or cesarean section

Grant number: 15/13090-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2015
Effective date (End): July 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Veterinary Medicine - Animal Reproduction
Principal researcher:Camila Infantosi Vannucchi
Grantee:Beatriz Alcantara Leite
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

From birth the puppies have different requirements to the adult animal, and such period of greatest risk to survival. In dogs, the neonatal mortality rate is high and is therefore necessary to develop a contributor neonatal evaluation protocol for the knowledge of the specific physiology of the period. The differences in the viability of the newborn are influenced by several factors, but mainly by the type of parturition. This study aims to identify the variable or group of variables recommended for evaluation in different delivery conditions that best correlates with neonatal healthiness. Twenty (20) newborns will be selected, any breeds and all sizes, born of normal pregnancies to term and, ten (10) from deliveries in eutocia (EUT Group, n = 10) and ten neonates born from elective cesarean sections (CES Group, n = 10 ). The following parameters are analyzed: Apgar score (adapted for use in veterinary medicine, in which it analyzes the heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), reflex irritability, muscle tone and mobility or color of apparent mucous membranes) at birth, after 5 and 60 minutes; body weight at birth after 1, 12 and 24 hours; blood glucose and lactate concentration at birth, and 60 minutes after 30, 12 and 24 hours; saturation and venous oxygen pressure at birth, and 60 minutes after 30, 12 and 24 hours. The results will be analyzed with the purpose of to compare the differences between the two types of delivery, what their influences on the viability of the canine neonate.

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