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Symmetries and fundamental interactions of elementary particles

Grant number: 15/15498-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2015
Effective date (End): November 30, 2016
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Physics
Principal Investigator:Tereza Cristina da Rocha Mendes
Grantee:Leandro Alex Moreira Viscardi
Home Institution: Instituto de Física de São Carlos (IFSC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The symmetries of physics, whose mathematical description is given by the group theory, are associated with conservation rules and are very important to our understanding of the laws governing the universe. In particular, the interactions described by the standard model are associated the quantum field theories which has gauge symmetry. Elementary particles are the quarks and leptons (fermions of spin 1/2) and their antiparticles. Bosons are particles of spin 1 which mediating the interactions, or "quanta" of gauge fields. The important interactions in particle physics are the strong force, electromagnetic interaction and the weak force, all of which are described by the Standard Model.The present project aims to introduce the literature of particle physics area, and computational techniques used in the study of fundamental interactions. At the end of program the student will have a basis for the realization of a future graduate project in particle physics or quantum field theory.