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INFLUENCE OF ANTIBIOTICS USE IN EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF GUT MICROBIOTA, IMMUNE RESPONSE AND IMPACT OF DIARRHEA IN NEWBORN CALVES

Grant number: 15/16981-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2015
Effective date (End): August 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Veterinary Medicine - Animal Clinics and Surgery
Principal researcher:Viviani Gomes
Grantee:Camila Cecilia Martin
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The aim of this research is to evaluate the influence of antibiotics in early development of gut microbiota, immune response and impact of diarrhea in newborn calves. For this purpose, 20 healthy Holstein calves will be used, divided in two groups with 10 animals each: group 1: will receive Florfenicol antibiotic (20mg/kg) at birth and group 2: will not receive antibiotics. Calves will be examined under general and specific clinical examination of systems. Then, blood samples and feces will be collected at the following moments: before colostrum intake (M0); 1-3 (M1); 4-6 (M2); 7-9 (M3); 10-12 (M4); 13-15 (M5); 20-25 (M6); and 25-30 days after birth. Swabs will also be used to collect secretions from rectal mucosa. The innate immune response will be evaluated by the following tests: white blood cell count, determination of blood neutrophils (CH138) proportion and its activation by L-selectin (CD62L) expression, haptoglobin dosage and production of reactive oxygen species. The titer of antibodies specific for Escherichia coli in serum and intestinal mucosa by immunoenzymatic test will be performed in-house. The major fecal anaerobes and aerobes microorganisms will be determined by polymerase chain reaction in real time (qPCR). The parameters will be tested by your distribution by the Shapiro-Wilk test, opting for appropriate statistical tests.Key-words: cattle, newborn, fecal score, antibiotics.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MARTIN, CAMILA CECILIA; BACCILI, CAMILA COSTA; AVILA-CAMPOS, MARIO JULIO; HURLEY, DAVID JOHN; GOMES, VIVIANI. Effect of prophylactic use of tulathromycin on gut bacterial populations, inflammatory profile and diarrhea in newborn Holstein calves. Research in Veterinary Science, v. 136, p. 268-276, MAY 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
MARTIN, Camila Cecilia. Influence of the early use of antibiotic on gut microbiota development, immune response and incidence of diarrhea in neonate heifers. 2017. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia São Paulo.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.