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PROPOLIS ACTION ON ANTIGEN PRESENTATION AND DIFFERENTIAL ACTIVATION OF HUMAN Th2 AND Th17 LYMPHOCYTES

Grant number: 15/03409-2
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2016
Effective date (End): February 28, 2019
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Pharmacology - Ethnopharmacology
Principal researcher:José Maurício Sforcin
Grantee:Bruno Jose Conti
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IBB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Propolis is a resinous product made by bees from different parts of plants, showing several pharmacological properties with possible application the pharmaceutical and food industry. Most of the papers on propolis and immunity were performed with animals and there are few studies with humans regarding its immunomodulatory action. Recently, we initiated the studies with human cells evaluating the effect of propolis in monocytes and dendritic cells and in this project we aim to investigate the cellular mechanisms modulated by propolis in antigen presentation and T lymphocyte differential activation. Thus, an infectious antigen (heat-labile enterotoxin B subunit from Escherichia coli), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) will be used to assess the expression of cell receptors (TLR-2, TLR-4, HLA-DR, CD80, CD40), the activation of transcription factors (NF-kB and STAT-3) and cytokine production (TNF-±, IL-6 and IL-10) by monocytes. Lymphocyte proliferation, transcription factors (GATA-3 and ROR³t) activation and cytokine production (IL-4 and IL-17) by T lymphocytes will be analyzed as well, in order to investigate whether propolis could favor any activation profile, culminating preferentially in Th2 or Th17 one. We assume that a particular biological event could be favored by propolis, culminating for example in the humoral response (Th2) against extracellular antigens or in an inflammatory/autoimmune response (Th17). These findings will be original and relevant and this protocol may be adopted in vaccination schedules or treatment of inflammatory/autoimmune diseases, demonstrating the practical implication of this research project.

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