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Development, chemical, structural and microstructural characterization Ti-15Mo-2.5Mn alloy

Grant number: 16/10615-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2016
Effective date (End): August 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Materials and Metallurgical Engineering - Physical Metallurgy
Principal Investigator:Carlos Roberto Grandini
Grantee:Giovana Collombaro Cardoso
Host Institution: Faculdade de Ciências (FC). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Bauru. Bauru , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Due to excellent biocompatibility and corrosion resistance of titanium alloys, their application in the area of orthopedic and dental implants has gained strength since 1970. However, the Young's modulus of these alloys is still about 2 to 4 times higher than the human bone. The most widely used titanium alloy for biomedical applications is the Ti-6Al-4V, however, previous studies showed that vanadium cause allergic reactions in human tissue and aluminum has been associated with neurological disorders, always in the long time. Hence, to work around this problem, new titanium alloys without the presence of these elements are being developed, with the addition of different elements, usually the ²-stabilizers, which can change its microstructure and mechanical properties, and may make the titanium and its alloys, most promising for use as biomaterial. The most promising are the alloys that have niobium, zirconium, molybdenum and tantalum as alloying elements, added to titanium, but the cost of these elements is very high. Manganese can be a strong candidate as an alloying element for the development of new ²-type titanium alloys, due to their abundance and low cytotoxicity. The main objective of this project is to prepare and characterize new alloys of Ti-Mo-Mn system, aiming biomedical applications. The alloys, designed using Molecular Orbital theory, will be obtained by arc-melting and chemical, structural, microstructurally characterized, with the purpose of better understanding the relationship of microstructure and properties the alloys.

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