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Expected values for steps/day in special populations: a systematic review update

Grant number: 16/12684-0
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
Effective date (Start): November 09, 2016
Effective date (End): March 27, 2017
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy
Principal researcher:Dionei Ramos
Grantee:Guilherme Yassuyuki Tacao
Supervisor abroad: Catrine Tudor-Locke
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia (FCT). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Presidente Prudente. Presidente Prudente , SP, Brazil
Research place: University of Massachusetts, Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States  
Associated to the scholarship:15/14648-8 - THE IMPACT OF EXPOSURE TO BIOMASS BURNING ON THE PREVALENCE RATE IN RESPIRATORY AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES., BP.MS

Abstract

Background: Physical activity promotes several benefits to the health at any age. However, to maintain these health benefits it is necessary to keep active and do physical activity regularly. Accelerometers and pedometers are portable devices that provide reliable data regarding the physical activity level. These devices can objectively monitor activity patterns. These devices have been also used to give a feedback and indicate an estimative of steps/day to be achieved in either health or people with chronic diseases, aiming to increase their daily physical activity. Objective: To investigate through a systematic review the expected values of steps/day special populations physically active. Material and Methods: A literature search (verified as of January 2016) will begin with a keyword (pedometer, "step counter," "step activity monitor" or "accelerometer" AND "steps/day") search of Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), SportDiscus, and PsychInfo. Ultimately, we will assembled expected values for steps/day pertinent to free-living special populations, specifically: 1) heart and vascular diseases, 2) chronic obstructive lung disease, 3) diabetes and dialysis, 4) breast cancer, 5) neuromuscular diseases, 6) arthritis, joint replacement, and fibromyalgia, and 7) disability (including mental retardation/intellectual difficulties), and 8) other special populations. Wherever possible, an overall median steps/day will be calculated for each category (and by each instrument type, i.e., waist-mounted and ankle-mounted) considering at least two assembled samples (even if those samples were reported within the same study) of similar special populations originally reporting mean values. If only a single sample is identified then it necessarily stood alone as an indicator of expected values for steps/day. (AU)

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