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Mapping, modelling and monitoring key processes and controls on cold-water coral habitats in submarine canyons (MMMonKey_Pro)

Grant number: 17/19649-8
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): February 28, 2018
Effective date (End): July 27, 2018
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Oceanography
Principal Investigator:Luis Americo Conti
Grantee:Luis Americo Conti
Host: Prof. Andy Wheeler
Home Institution: Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades (EACH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : University College Cork (UCC), Ireland  

Abstract

Submarine canyons are dynamic environments that support diverse biological communities including fisheries. Recent work on the Irish Porcupine Bank Canyon (PBC), a natural laboratory isolated from terrigenous input, has revealed extensive speciose, high biomass cold-water coral (CWC) structural habitats. This "big science" project uses Irish state-of-the-art and new innovative marine exploration and analysis technologies to explore and monitor the PBC-CWC habitats and relate to ocean-climate environmental dynamics. The project will employ ROV-based multibeam bathymetry and novel 3D photogrammetric approaches for geostatistical analysis and habitat characterisation. Monitoring of canyon hydrodynamic and sedimentary processes, core and coral-morphotype analysis will reveal the process thresholds defining coral sub-habitats' limits, in space and time, and allow predictive CWC, and habitat sensitivity, models to assist marine spatial planning. By assessing the magnitude of existing anthropogenic impacts within the constraints of the sensitivity model, recommendations can be extrapolated from the data for sustainable, responsible intervention in these habitats for fisheries and hydrocarbon exploration. Likewise, process thresholds will reveal the potential impact-response from climate change facilitating knowledge-based recommendations for effectivemanagement. This project adds to Irish seabed mapping capacity, develops a critical mass to generate large consortia, building further capacity and relationships with industrial (hydrocarbon)/international partners.

Articles published in Agência FAPESP about the scholarship:
Submarine canyon reveals the role of corals in capturing carbon from the atmosphere 

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CONTI, LUIS A.; LIM, AARON; WHEELER, ANDREW J. High resolution mapping of a cold water coral mound. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 9, JAN 31 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.