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Predictive Punishment: The Detecta and the incorporation of Data Mining and Profiling techniques (Big Data) in the practices of Surveillance of the São Paulo Military Police

Grant number: 16/24525-3
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2018
Effective date (End): July 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Sociology - Other specific Sociologies
Principal Investigator:Marcos César Alvarez
Grantee:Alcides Eduardo dos Reis Peron
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):19/07132-6 - Technopolitics of security: rethinking the intersection between algorithmic governmentality and science and technology studies in London and São Paulo big data surveillance systems, BE.EP.PD

Abstract

The studies on Sociology of Punishment concentrates in the comprehension of the historical forms that organized the mechanisms of punishment and administration of the criminality in the most diverse social organizations. However, with the development of new communication and surveillance technologies, moreover these studies begin to interchange with the Surveillance Studies and Social Studies of Science and Technologies to comprehend the new strategies of the public security. In this context, in 2014, the São Paulo state government contracted a system named "Detecta" from Microsoft, which combines the process of surveillance cameras, with criminal and geo-positioning databases. This apparatus inaugurates a new form of governamentality of public security, known as Predictive Policing, characterized by the reliance on algorithms for the construction of profiles and statistics, supposedly capable of anticipating future patterns of behave, and scenarios. Therefore, our purpose in this project is to debate the particularities of this form of governamentality, centered in predictive policing and massive data collection apparatus, in a context of public security deeply marked by arbitrariness, exclusion and discrimination. In this sense, our purpose here is to identify the possible emergency of a new form of governamentality of public security, centered at Detecta in São Paulo.

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Scientific publications (6)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SIMOES-GOMES, LETICIA; DOS REIS PERON, ALCIDES EDUARDO. Race & Criminology through the lens of a sociologist Interview with Natalie Byfield. Tempo Social, revista de sociologia da USP, v. 32, n. 3, p. 18-pg., . (16/24525-3, 19/02612-0)
DOS REIS PERON, ALCIDES EDUARDO; OLIVEIRA PAOLIELLO, TOMAZ. Fear as a product, continuum as a solution: the role of private companies in the transnational diffusion of zero tolerance policing to Brazil. SMALL WARS AND INSURGENCIES, v. N/A, p. 27-pg., . (16/24525-3)
DOS REIS PERON, ALCIDES EDUARDO; OLIVEIRA PAOLIELLO, TOMAZ. Fear as a product, continuum as a solution: the role of private companies in the transnational diffusion of zero tolerance policing to Brazil. SMALL WARS AND INSURGENCIES, . (16/24525-3)
LETÍCIA SIMÕES-GOMES; ALCIDES EDUARDO DOS REIS PERÓN. Race & Criminology through the lens of a sociologist. Interview with Natalie Byfield. Tempo Social, revista de sociologia da USP, v. 32, n. 3, p. 247-264, . (16/24525-3)
ALCIDES EDUARDO DOS REIS PERON; MARCOS CÉSAR ALVAREZ. O GOVERNO DA SEGURANÇA: MODELOS SECURITÁRIOS TRANSNACIONAIS E TECNOLOGIAS DE VIGILÂNCIA NA CIDADE DE SÃO PAULO. Lua Nova, n. 114, p. 175-212, . (13/07923-7, 16/24525-3)
TAIT, MARCIA M.; DOS REIS PERON, ALCIDES EDUARDO; SUAREZ, MARCELA. Terrestrial politics and body-territory: two concepts to make sense of digital colonialism in Latin America. TAPUYA: LATIN AMERICAN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY, v. 5, n. 1, p. 16-pg., . (16/24525-3)

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